Security is American Security
Senator J. F. Kerry by Himself : "...wind, solar, biomass after old BP,
IBM, Digital Corporation, Chevron, Shell, american ingenuity can again
Lead the World and reduce dependence on foreign oil... ,
Ladies and gentleman, we have to do better than this. Energy security is American
security. Our policy must reflect that we live in one world, not four or five
separate ones and we need an energy policy of national purpose that confronts
the hard realities and sets real priorities based on the needs of all Americans.
Obviously we all agree that reducing our dependence on foreign oil, especially
oil from the politically toxic Middle East, is a necessity. But the American
people want honesty about how you do it, not a false security blanket that promises
something undeliverable in the short term and precious little amounting to real
progress in the long term.
In recent months, I’ve talked to citizens across our country, to businesspeople,
farmers and the energy industry; to academic experts and local officials; to
the public health community and public interest organizations, and I have found
that more and more Americans "get it." They are dissatisfied with
the fossil-fuel based energy policies that made sense fifty years ago, but which
cannot sustain our nation in the future. They are frustrated because we don’t
pursue alternatives they know we could adopt. They want an economy where hardworking
citizens can’t automatically be held hostage to the whims of a handful
of nations that rig the world oil market. They want leaders setting an agenda
where protecting our environment, our land, our water, our air and our public
health are national priorities, not after-thoughts. They want a country where
energy security is not just a slogan or an empty promise, but a growing reality.
It is with all of their views and with their input, expertise and practical
experience that I respectfully suggest it is time now to pursue a national Strategic
Center for National Policy Ronald Reagan Building January 22, 2002
I am President of the United States,
we will do whatever it takes to ensure that the 21st century American
military is the strongest in the world... John Kerry 17/3/04
Supporting our troop
The first definition of patriotism is keeping faith with those who’ve
worn the uniform of the United States of America. Our obligation is to keep
faith with the men and women of the American military and their families-whether
they are on active duty, in the National Guard or Reserves, or veterans.
Count every vote
Free and fair elections are the foundation of our democracy. In the last year,
millions more Americans registered and went to the polls than ever before and
millions in Iraq and Afghanistan voted for the first time in their lives. Yet,
thousands upon thousands of Americans still fear that when they walk into the
polls to vote, there is a very real chance that their vote will not be counted
or they will lose the opportunity to vote at all because they are forced to
stand in line for hours due to a shortage of machines.
Count Every Vote Act of 2005
On February 17th Senators John Kerry, Hillary Clinton, Barbara Boxer and Frank
Lautenberg introduced S 450 the “Count Every Vote Act of 2005” to
fully fund the Help America Vote Act, fund the activities of the Election Assistance
Commission, and help states invest in better voting machines with paper trails.
Kerry Statement on
the Release of the DNC Voting Rights Institute Ohio Report
“Protecting the right to vote isn't a Democratic or Republican value,
it's an American value. Washington must pass reform like the Count Every Act
of 2005, but we must also build a groundswell of support in communities across
the country to hold elected leaders accountable for failing to protect the right
“I will share the results of this study with elected leaders across the
country and the hundreds of thousands of Americans who volunteered on my campaign
in 2004. I am also committed to working with civil rights leaders and community
activists across the country to secure real investments of time and resources
for voter education and training.
“Forty years ago, in August 1965, the Voting Rights Act was signed by
President Johnson. It was a landmark bi-partisan bill that allowed millions
of Americans a true voice in our democracy. Forty years later as American troops
put their lives on the line every day in the name of democracy across the world,
we here at home must do everything we can to strengthen our democracy for all
Foolish Think Thanks & Co (Bipartisan
& Intelligence-Military Business) of the (neo) Liberal Democracy :
Marshall Fund & Merck
“By moving into this building, the German Marshall Fund deliberately followed
in the tradition [of the Marshall Plan], a tradition which remains alive because
the projects, the staff, and the fellows of the German Marshall Fund are constantly
developing it,” Merkel said.
Speaking to members of the U.S. Congress and the German Bundestag, European
ambassadors, and other distinguished guests, Merkel also emphasized that the
values of the Marshall Plan — freedom, democracy, and securing citizens’
rights — are just as important today as they were 50 years ago.
“Good transatlantic relations between not only the Federal Republic of
Germany and the United States of America, but also between the European Union
and the United States... are in the vested interest of both sides,” she
said. "It enables us much better to solve outstanding problems."...
Least Bad Iran Option, The Weekly Standard, Volume 010, Issue 23 March
The real choices we face in dealing with Tehran's nuclear program.
Iran is not seeking a peaceful nuclear energy program. Iran has no need of such
a program, and its actions to date are not consistent with that end. Iran is
seeking to develop a nuclear weapons capability, and there is nothing the European
trio can offer it to compensate for the perceived security benefits nuclear
weapons would bring.
When the talks fail, what then? Will European negotiators acknowledge that negotiations
were insufficient to deter Iran, and move toward economic or political sanctions?
No, they won't : The negotiations are not a means to an end, they are the end
We will then see the second consequence of this option: European governments
will argue that only the United States can offer the security guarantees that
might tempt Iran to end its program...
It will be said, again, that America faces two kinds of adversaries--those with
nuclear weapons that it does not invade, and those without nuclear weapons that
it does invade...
There are now calls for the United States to move to a second option, which
we might call the "united front" option. Here the United States would
join France, Germany, and Great Britain and engage directly with Iran. ...Moreover,
to assume that Iran's quest for nuclear weapons has to do with the current force
posture of the United States in the region is to forget that Iran has been pursuing
nuclear weapons for at least 18 years, since long before even the first Gulf
War. And it is to ignore that Israel, Russia, and Pakistan all possess nuclear
capabilities in the region. The consequence is that "united front"
negotiations would also fail. What's more, since the United States, if it joined
direct talks with Iran, would immediately become the senior negotiating partner,
American diplomacy would be blamed for the failure. What then? Would Europe
be more willing to adopt follow-on sanctions against Iran as a result of a perceived
failure of collective U.S. and European diplomacy than it is as a result of
the failure of its own diplomacy? The question answers itself. The "united
front" option would permit the continuation of Iran's nuclear program and
foster disagreement over follow-on measures among the allies.
This suggests a third option, which we might call a "united front with
pre-agreed follow-on measures." Under this option the United States and
Europe would agree in advance on a set of consequences to ensue if negotiations
failed to dislodge Iran from its position. For example, they might agree that
if negotiations had not successfully concluded within six months, the United
States and Europe would jointly press for economic sanctions against Iran in
the U.N. Security Council...this third option turns out to be a pipe dream,
predicated on the hope that Europe would ever adopt economic and/or political
sanctions against Iran, over and against the procedures of the U.N., in response
to a perceived failure of American diplomacy.
s there no other option short of invasion? There is a "military strike"
option, which would consist of a strike against all known and suspected Iranian
nuclear weapons development facilities. A "military strike" option
is thus fraught with risk for the United States from friend and foe. It does,
though, have one critical difference from the other options examined here: If
it were executed properly, it would eliminate or seriously retard Iran's nuclear
weapons program... by effrey Bergner, J.Bregner is a senior transatlantic fellow
at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
Hoover Institution: Library
and Archives - Historical background 1921
1- The Hoover Institution Archives, with its vast original documentation
on modern history, is a core component of the institution that Herbert
Hoover (1874–1964) founded at his alma mater, Stanford University,
in 1919. After graduating in 1895, Hoover built a successful career as
an international mining engineer. While pursuing business interests, he
found time to serve his university as a trustee. He maintained strong
ties with faculty, including Professor Ephraim D. Adams (1865-1930) of
the history department. Even before World War I, Hoover helped Adams acquire
transcripts of documents from the British Public Records Office. Similarly,
he supplied funds for another Stanford historian, Payson Treat (1879-1972),
to purchase rare books on China and the Far East. Hoover's lively intellectual
curiosity motivated him to conduct research on the history of his own
chosen field, geology. He delighted in writing scholarly footnotes to
the English translation he and his wife made of the sixteenth- century
Latin mining treatise Agricola's De Re Metallica. By 1912 Hoover had become
a confirmed bibliophile and an accomplished collector.
Hoover expressed the mission of the archives best: "Here are the documents
which record the suffering, the self-denial, the heroic deeds of men. Surely
from these records there can be help to mankind in its confusions and perplexities,
and its yearnings for peace....The purpose of this institution is to promote
peace. Its records stand as a challenge to those who promote war."...
2- East-West relations became a major theme in the collecting activities following
World War II. The James Donovan Collection documents a famous cold war incident
when captured American U2 pilot Gary Powers was exchanged for Soviet spy Rudolf
Abel. The Vietnam War is covered by collections such as the papers of General
Edward Lansdale. Retrospective collecting continued with major acquisitions,
including the Boris I. Nicolaevsky Collection, the papers and art collection
of tsarist diplomat Nicholas de Basily, and Russian literary manuscripts from
Gleb Struve and Josephine Pasternak. The Jay Lovestone papers document the founding
of the American Communist Party and the international activities of the trade
3- During the interwar period, Herbert Hoover's network of connections
with major figures in the Russian emigration enabled him to rescue the
official files of the Okhrana, the tsarist secret political police. These
files, which were transferred from the Russian embassy in Paris, are a
major source on the early years of such revolutionaries as Lenin, Trotsky,
and Stalin, as well as hundreds of grassroots organizers. Files from several
tsarist consular offices were sent to the Hoover Institution for safekeeping
by displaced diplomats, setting a precedent for saving the archives of
defeated governments and dissident organizations so that all sides of
the historical record are available to historians.
4- In a parallel example, Professor Lutz, who took a special interest
in building the German collections, was able to document the 1918 revolutionary
movement and the Weimar Republic even as national socialism was trying
to destroy this page of the German heritage. Aware of the rising militarism
in Germany, Lutz traveled to Europe in 1939 to make arrangements for collecting
documents in the event of another major war. In Berlin he visited Mathilde
Jacob, former assistant to the cofounder of the German Communist Party,
Rosa Luxemburg. Jacob entrusted Lutz with original correspondence and
notes of her former employer. ...
5- Postwar financial reconstruction is reflected in the papers of economists
such as Milton Friedman, Friedrich von Hayek, and other members of the
Mont Pèlerin Society. Theories of freedom are articulated in the
papers of the British philosopher of Austrian background Sir Karl Popper
and the American philosopher Sidney Hook. Other major areas of interest
include the history of the nuclear age, with the papers of various members
of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, including Dixy Lee Ray. Education
policy has become another major collecting interest, with the collections
assembled by Paul and Jean Hanna. Active collecting of election campaign
materials shows the workings of democracy in various parts of the world
such as postapartheid Africa and postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia.
The Hoover Institution Archives has continued its tradition of saving
the history of political victims by securing the records of such organizations
as the International Rescue Committee. The ongoing project for microfilming
the Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and the Soviet State in Moscow
is also in the best tradition of the founders of the Hoover Institution
of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State: Microfilm Collection
Within the framework of the 1992 agreement between the Hoover Institution on
War, Revolution and Peace (Hoover), the State Archives Service of Russia (ROSARKHIV),
and Chadwyck-Healey, Inc.* (Chadwyck-Healey) and the 1998 agreement between
Hoover, the State Archives of the Russian Federation (GARF), and Chadwyck-Healey,
as of March 2002 Hoover has received a total of 10,545 microfilm reels, each
containing approximately 850 frames (pages) of the documents entitled "Archives
of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State."...
Endowment for international peace
Board of trustees : James C. Gaither, Chairman Managing Director, Sutter Hill
Ventures; Special Counsel, Cooley Godward, Gregory B. Craig Vice Chairman Partner,
Williams & Connolly,
Bill Bradley, Managing Director, Allen & Company, Robert Carswel, Of Counsel,
Shearman & Sterling, Jerome A. Cohen, Of Counsel, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind,
Wharton & Garrison, Richard A. Debs, Advisory Director, Morgan Stanley,
William H. Donaldson, Former Chairman, Securities and Exchange Commission, Roger Ferguson, Vice Chairman, Federal Reserve Board
Donald V. Fites, Chairman of the Board, Retired, Caterpillar, Inc....
Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919)
Défenseur de la paix, de la justice sociale et de l'égalité
La fortune amassée par le "roi de l'acier" et la Carnegie Steel
Company permettra d'ancrer dans l'histoire la théorie de l'hérédité
notamment par le truchement des recherches fondamentales du Cold Spring Harbor
laboratory de Long Island.
Ces recherches inspireront aux élites nationalistes et militaristes américaines
le recensement des races, des familles, des lignées bien avant Hitler
et aboutiront même, conjointement à celles menées par la
Rockefeller Foundation et les "Harriman charities", à plus
de 60 000 stérilisations forcées. En 1924, par exemple, l'Etat
de Virginie adoptera le Sterilization Act.
Rappelons que Rockefeller offrira en 1926 jusqu'à $250 000 (aujourd'hui
$2 500 000) au German Psychiatric Institute du Kaiser Wilhelm Institute de Berlin
qui deviendra le Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Psychiatry et que le Dr. Ersnt
Rudin, l'un des principaux psychiatres du KWIP, deviendra l'un des inspirateurs
du système de répression médicale du IIIème Reich.
L'Institute for Brain Research, autre section des institutions eugéniques
du KWI, recevra également de Rockefeller (1929) un budget spécifique
de $317 000 ($3 170 000) et un financement spécial sur sept ans afin
d'assurer un programme de recherche biologique sur la race allemande.
Andrew Carnegie, en tant que précuseur de la pénalisation de la
misère et de la tolérance zéro envers les plus faibles,
et selon un article récent du Global New Service of the Jewish People,
aurait financé dès 1911 un programme scientifique en 18 solutions
pour identifier et éradiquer les faibles et les dégénérés
aux Etats- Unis. La huitième solution "pour régler définitivement
le problème" sera l'euthanasie.
Ce programme global historique anticipant des atrocités hitlériennes
aura pour intitulé : "Preliminary report of the committee of the
Eugenic Section of the American Breeder's Association to study and to report
on the best practical means for cutting off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the
Human Population." (JTANews, "Hitler made eugenics famous but he took
it from United States" et War Against the Weak by E.Black , 2003)
Smoke Screen : China Needs Better Leadership, Not Another Morality Campaign
In a recent article in Newsweek International, Carnegie’s Minxin Pei argues
that the Chinese government’s attempts to revive Confucianism in order
to fill the “values vacuum” left by the decline of communist ideology
will fail. Dr. Pei argues that the principal source of social disharmony is
not a lack of moral values. Rather, the real problem lies in misguided official
policies, including a lack ofstate resources devoted to health and education
in the countryside, as well as pervasive official corruption. The Confucian
mandate of heaven must be regained, not through empty preaching, but by good
Promoting the rule of law has become a major part of Western efforts to spread
democracy and market economics around the world. Yet, although programs to foster
the rule of law abroad have mushroomed, well-grounded knowledge about what factors
ensure success, and why, remains scarce. In the new book Promoting
the Rule of Law Abroad, edited by Thomas Carothers, incisive, accessible
essays offer vivid portrayals and penetrating analyses of the challenges that
define this vital but often misunderstood field...
and Civil Society : Back to the future
In his testimony before the U.S. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe,
Carnegie Senior Associate Andrew C. Kuchins outlines Russia's current situation
and prospects for the future. Covering issues of human rights, civil society
and democratic governance, Kuchins analyzes the leadership of Vladimir Putin,
the authoritarian trend in Russian politics, the subsequent foreign policy implications,
and what the U.S. can do to address these issues...
The Group of fifty
The Group of Fifty is a non-profit initiative and its activities are funded
by contributions of the membership. The network is co-sponsored by the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace and the Inter-American Dialogue. The Group
of Fifty was created in response to new imperatives caused by on-going economic
and political developments in the Americas and in the rest of the world.
Economic liberalization and increasing globalization of business relations and
activities have increased the complexity of the tasks of those in charge of
the main business enterprises in the region.
The Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Group of Fifty will take place October
11-15, 2006 in Washington D.C. The theme for this year’s meeting
will be “Washington Unveiled” and will be an insider’s view
of the politics and culture of one of the world’s most powerful cities.
Participants will engage in discussions with multi-lateral agency executives,
research scholars, and government officials, and will also enjoy some local
entertainment and guided visits around the capital and national monuments...
History (photo: Robert Brookings with Andrew Carnegie)
1- On March 13, 1916 a group of business leaders and academics announced
the establishment of a nonpartisan private research agency in Washington
called the Institute for Government Research. Forty-three donors pledged
$160,000 to begin and operate the Institute for a five year period. The
IGR, forerunner of the Brookings Institution, was founded on the principles
that research, expertise and administrative competence were needed for
government efficiency. The founders of the IGR believed that day to day
government was not a matter of political emotionalism; but of quiet competence
and professionalism. They believed that critical analysis of government
administration and operation, accompanied by specific suggestions for
improvement was needed. Frank N. Goodnow, President of Johns Hopkins University,
was elected Chairman of the Board of Trustees and Robert S. Brookings
was elected Vice Chairman. William F. Willoughby, a professor of politics
at Princeton University became the first director, in charge of a staff
of six researchers.
2- The Institute's early work was to help each government agency bring
its administrative routines into line with modern business methods. They
advised agencies on setting up modern accounting systems, filing systems
and personnel manuals. During World War I, the Institute offered its services
to the government. Organizational surveys were conducted for the Council
of National Defense and the Army Surgeon General's office; and the American
Red Cross sought assistance in revising its accounting and financial systems...
3- World War I led to a growing Federal debt and an interest in controlling
government finance and expenditures. IGR researchers provided guidance
that resulted in the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921; which placed government
finance on a budget basis, established the Bureau of the Budget to help
the president prepare and administer the budget; and established an office
of Comptroller General as an independent check on expenditures. Wartime
economic mobilization also showed the previously untapped productive strength
of the national economy. Chairman Robert Brookings believed that economic
research could be used as a powerful tool to avoid economic losses due
to waste and friction...
4- The Depression:
Voice of Opposition
5- War and Readjustment
6- Academic Prestige
For Policy Research
7- National Doubts and
8- Setting New Agendas
9- Continuity and
Brookings Institution and the American Enterprise Institute Launch Joint
Election Reform Project
Senator Barack Obama (D-IL) gives inaugural remarks :
Washington, D.C. (January 25, 2006) — Today, two of America's key policy
research institutions–the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy
Research (AEI) and the Brookings Institution–launch the new AEI-Brookings
Election Reform Project. The program is a joint effort to monitor the implementation
of the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) and to develop a bipartisan policy agenda
for further improvements in the administration of elections.
The new AEI-Brookings Election Reform Project will encourage constructive changes
in HAVA and its implementation. It will also synthesize election-related research,
and strengthen the link between the research and policy communities. The effort
began today with the initiation of a new website, www.electionreformproject.org.
The site will be constantly updated and will include information on voter registration,
technology, access, early and absentee voting, provisional balloting, election
administration and voting integrity issues...
Election Reform Project Launch
Norman Ornstein, Resident Scholar at AEI, and Thomas Mann, Senior Fellow at
the Brookings Institution, then moderated a discussion of the past and future
of election reform among experts in election law, technology, and administration...
Technology Improves From 2000, But What Next ?
Since the notorious butterfly ballots and hanging chads of 2000, voting technology
has improved considerably. The 2004 election witnessed widespread use of optical
scan and DRE equipment, as well as general progress among states towards realizing
HAVA’s mandate to make machines more secure, accountable, and accessible.
What are the next steps? The Election Assistance Commission has recently met
to discuss implementing its Voting System Certification Program, the Government
Accountability Office and the National Academy of Sciences have identified key
questions that need to be answered, and academic research continues...
The Center for National Policy (CNP) is a non-profit, non-partisan public policy
organization located in Washington, DC. Founded in 1981, the Center’s
mission is to engage national leaders with new policy options and innovative
programs designed to advance progressive ideas in the interest of all Americans.
The goal of the Center is to promote the transfer of ideas and information from
experts to public officials, and therefore better serve American citizens and
the public interest.
Working with a small core staff, CNP brings together policy-makers and experts
from a range of organizations, including other think tanks, business, labor
and academia, to encourage new thinking, promote public awareness and catalyze
The Center uses public opinion research, as well as substantive and political
analysis, to frame options and make recommendations. The Center’s programs
include active media outreach and extensive use of the web as well as more traditional
methods of dissemination.
In October 2003, Timothy J. Roemer was named President of CNP. Formerly
a six-term member of Congress from Indiana, he most recently has served as a
member of the bipartisan 9-11 Commission. His predecessors as president
include Madeleine K. Albright, prior to her service as U.S. ambassador to the
United Nations; the late Kirk O'Donnell, who was chief counsel to the Speaker
of the U.S. House of Representatives Thomas P. 'Tip' O'Neill, and Maureen S.
Steinbruner, currently serving as CNP Vice President and Senior Policy Advisor.
“Four years after the attacks of September 11th, the United States has
not done all it can and should do to wage and win a comprehensive war against
Al-Qaeda and their followers”, said Tim Roemer, former 9/11 Commissioner
and President of the Center for National Policy at a conference co-hosted by
CNP on September 9th in New York City. “The threat of catastrophic terrorist
attacks against our homeland are the most important national security challenge
we will face this generation,” said Roemer. “To secure America in
the 21st century, we must target the terrorists more effectively, move faster
and stronger to protect the homeland and put equal amounts of effort into preventing
the rise of future terrorists as we do in all our other counter-terrorism missions.”...
CNP Nuclear Security Study
On July 18th, 2005, the Center for National Policy hosted the inaugural meeting
of the Congressional Nuclear Security Study Group. Under a
grant from the MacArthur Foundation, CNP is organizing a series of meetings
and briefings for Members and Staff, to explore strategies for keeping
loose fissile material out of the hands of terrorists. At this first meeting
of the Study Group, policy experts from several different organizations
addressed the current status of the threat environment, cooperative threat reduction
programs, global threat reduction initiatives, and Congressional legislation.
The bipartisan group will meet regularly over the course of the next
Panel, Chaired by CNP President Tim Roemer, Warns of a Nuclear 9/1, Event Co-sponsored
by the Center for National Policy and the 9-11 Public Discourse Project
The possibility of a nuclear terror attack poses a real and present threat to
the United States, and not enough is being done to prevent it. That was the
stark conclusion drawn at a June 27th panel chaired by CNP President Tim Roemer,
convened to discuss the status of progress on recommendations of the 9/11 Commission,
of which Roemer was a member. Former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn, who currently serves
as co-chairman and CEO of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, outlined the steps
needed to secure nuclear weapons and weapons-usable material worldwide and to
restrict the spread of bomb-making capacity. Referencing the 9/11 Commission
report, Roemer pointed to evidence of terrorists’ intention to attempt
a nuclear strike, and said, “Congress and the Administration have not
given this the ‘maximum effort’ necessary. Action is needed, and
it’s needed now.”...
New School University
Kerrey Chairs Discussion on “Securing The Homeland”
President Kerrey chaired a discussion on “Securing the Homeland”
on Tuesday, June 28, at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for
Scholars in Washington, D.C. He was joined by Clark Kent Ervin, former
Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security; C. Stewart Verdery,
former Assistant Secretary for Policy and Planning, Border and Transportation
Security Directorate, Department of Homeland Security; and Dr. Stephen
Flynn, Jeanne J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies
at the Council on Foreign Relations, and author of America the Vulnerable.
The hearing was part of the 9/11 Public Discourse Project. For more information,
go to www.9-11pdp.org...
When I Was a
Bob Kerrey's book, When I Was a Young Man : A Memoir (A James H. Silberman
Book/Published by Harcourt, Inc) was published in 2002.
by Bob Kerrey
200 avocats, conseil en politique libérale, groupe de pression national
occasionel, des conflits d'intérêts ? Impossible! Voir en détail
...In three stints away from Williams & Connolly LLP, Mr. Craig (Carnegie's
Board of Trustees) has served in government in a variety of capacities:
In September 1998, President Clinton appointed Mr. Craig to be Assistant to
the President and Special Counsel in the White House where Mr. Craig served
as quarterback of the President’s team that was assembled to defend against
impeachment. Mr. Craig was also a member of the President’s trial team
in the United States Senate and presented the President’s defense with
respect to Count One during that trial.
In 1997, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright appointed Mr. Craig to be one
of her senior advisors, and he served the Secretary as her Director of Policy
Planning during the years 1997 to 1998.
For five years (1984-88), he served as Senator Edward Kennedy’s Senior
Advisor on Defense, Foreign Policy and National Security issues...
Consultant politique et stratégie commerciale, lobby libéral
dans 60 pays, au coeur d'un réseau de think tanks, de gouvernements
étrangers, de multinationales & de conflits d'intérêts
? Juridiquement improuvable, client et business. Seuls les résultats
parlent...Un site à visiter de toute urgence!
"Greenberg Quinlan Rosner provides research and strategic advice to elected
leaders, political campaigns, issue groups, and leading corporations around
the world. Our clients include some of the world’s most prominent progressive
leaders, candidates" :
• President Eduardo Duhalde (Argentina)
• Mayor Michael Häupl (Vienna, Austria)
• SPÖ (Austria)
• President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (Bolivia)
• MNR (Bolivia)
• Minister Emma Mejia, Colombia
• PRD (Dominican Republic)
• Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Germany)
• SPD (Germany)
• President Carlos Roberto Flores Facusse (Honduras)
• President Manuel Zelaya (Honduras)
• PLH (Honduras)
• Prime Minister Péter Medgyessy (Hungary)
• Fine Gael (Ireland)
• Prime Minister Ehud Barak (Israel)
• HaAvoda (Israeli Labor Party, Israel)
• Francesco Rutelli (Italy)
• l'Ulivo (Italy)
• Francisco Labastida Ochoa (Mexico)
• PRI (Mexico)
• National Democratic Institute - Nepal
• National Democratic Institute - Pakistan
• President Alejandro Toledo (Peru)
• Freedom Union/Democratic Party (Poland)
• Prime Minister Adrian Nastase (Romania)
• Minister Mircea Geoana (Romania)
• PSD (Romania)
• President Nelson Mandela
• President Thabo Mbeki (South Africa)
• ANC (South Africa)
• Prime Minister Tony Blair
• British Labour Party (UK)
1- It was on May 14, 1948, that Project RAND — an outgrowth of World
War II — separated from the Douglas Aircraft Company of Santa Monica,
California, and became an independent, nonprofit organization. Adopting
its name from a contraction of the term research and development, the
newly formed entity was dedicated to furthering and promoting scientific,
educational, and charitable purposes for the public welfare and security
of the United States.
Almost at once, RAND developed a unique style, blending scrupulous nonpartisanship
with rigorous, fact-based analysis to tackle society's most pressing problems.
Over time, RAND assembled a unique corps of researchers, notable not only
for individual skills but also for interdisciplinary cooperation. By the
1960s, RAND was bringing its trademark mode of empirical, nonpartisan,
independent analysis to the study of many urgent domestic social and economic
2- The Origins of RAND
World War II had revealed the importance of technology research and development
for success on the battlefield and the wide range of scientists and academics
outside the military who made such development possible. Furthermore, as the
war drew to a close, it became apparent that complete and permanent peace might
not be assured. There were discussions among people in the War Department, the
Office of Scientific Research and Development, and industry who saw a need for
a private organization to connect military planning with research and development
In a report to the Secretary of War, Commanding General of the Army Air
Force H. H. "Hap" Arnold wrote:
3- "During this war the Army, Army Air Forces, and the Navy have
made unprecedented use of scientific and industrial resources. The conclusion
is inescapable that we have not yet established the balance necessary
to insure the continuance of teamwork among the military, other government
agencies, industry, and the universities. Scientific planning must be
years in advance of the actual research and development work."...
4- In May 1946, the first RAND report appeared, Preliminary Design of
an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship, concerned with the potential
design, performance, and possible use of man-made satellites. A year later,
Project RAND moved from the Douglas plant at Santa Monica Airport to offices
in downtown Santa Monica. Also in 1947, a symposium was held in New York
as part of Project RAND's Evaluation Section as a first step in enlisting
social scientists for the staff.
By early 1948, Project RAND had grown to 200 staff members with expertise in
a wide range of fields including:
of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship
Major General Curtis E. LeMay, then Deputy Chief of the Air Staff for Research
and Development, considered space operations to be an extension of air operations.
He tasked Project RAND to undertake a feasibility study of its own with a three-week
deadline. The resulting report arrived two days before a critical review of
the subject with the Navy. The central argument turns on the feasibility of
such a space vehicle from an engineering standpoint, but alongside the curves
and tabulations are visionary statements, such as that by Louis Ridenour on
the significance of satellites to man’s store of knowledge, and that of
Francis Clauser on the possibility of man in space. But the most riveting observation,
one that deserves an honored place in the Central Premonitions Registry, was
made by one of the contributors, Jimmy Lipp (head of Project RAND’s Missile
Division), in a follow-on paper nine months later: “Since mastery of the
elements is a reliable index of material progress, the nation which first makes
significant achievements in space travel will be acknowledged as the world leader
in both military and scientific techniques. To visualize the impact on the world,
one can imagine the consternation and admiration that would be felt here if
the United States were to discover suddenly that some other nation had already
put up a successful satellite.”....
• Commentary by RAND Staff
Pakistan vs. al-Qaida
by Farhana Ali, this commentary appeared in United Press International
on March 13, 2006,Farhana Ali is proficient in Urdu, Punjabi, and Hindi,Before
joining RAND, he worked as a counterterrorism analyst for the DCI Counterterrorist
Center at the Central Intelligence Agency. Work has included examining
shifts in the current terrorist threat environment; identifying terrorist
group capabilities and vulnerabilities; and analyzing the rise of militant
Islam and terror groups in the Arabian Peninsula...
Defusing the Iranian
by F. Stephen Larrabee, this commentary appeared in Orange County Register
on March 9, 2006, languages: Russian, German, French, Bulgarian, modern
Greek, background: has taught at Columbia University, Cornell University,
New York University, the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
(SAIS), Georgetown University and the University of Southern California.
Before joining RAND, served as Vice President and Director of Studies
of the Institute of East-West Security Studies in New York and was a distinguished
Scholar in Residence at the Institute from 1989-1990. Also served on the
U.S. National Security Council staff in the White House, as a specialist
on Soviet-East European affairs and East-West political-military relations...
The Threat of
by Brian Michael Jenkins Expertise : Terrorism, comparing terrorism preparedness
and response to storm preparedness and response
Background: A senior advisor to the president of the RAND Corporation
and one of the world's leading authorities on terrorism. Founded the RAND
Corporation's terrorism research program in 1972, has written frequently
on terrorism, and has served as an advisor to the federal government and
the private sector on the subject. A former Army captain who served with
Special Forces in Vietnam and also a former deputy chairman of Kroll Associates.
Served as a captain in the Green Berets in the Dominican Republic and
later in Vietnam (1966-1970). In 1996, was appointed by President Clinton
to be a member of the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security.
Has served as an advisor to the National Commission on Terrorism (1999-2000)
and in 2000 was appointed as a member of the U.S. Comptroller General's
Advisory Board. Is also a special advisor to the International Chamber
of Commerce (ICC) and a member of the board of directors of the ICC's
Commercial Crime Services. Has authored many books, including International
Terrorism : A New Mode of Conflict, the editor and coauthor of Terrorism
and Personal Protection, coeditor and coauthor of "Aviation Terrorism
and Security, and coauthor of The Fall of South Vietnam...
In Political Analysis,
Just the Facts, Please
by James A. Thomson, Expertise : Europe, global security environment, national
security strategy, NATO, terrorism and other emerging threats, U.S.-Foreign
relations, Background : President and CEO since 1989. Has served RAND in
a variety of roles: Director of RAND's research program in national security,
foreign policy, defense policy, and arms control ; Vice President in charge
of the Project AIR FORCE division, which performs studies and analyses
on the range of issues important to the future of the U.S. Air Force ;
and Executive Vice President. Prior to joining RAND, served as a member
of the National Security Council staff at the White House, primarily responsible
for defense and arms control matters related to Europe. Has also served
as an analyst in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Awarded honorary
Doctor of Science degree from Purdue University, and an honorary Doctor
of Laws degree from Pepperdine University. Affiliations:Council on Foreign
Relations, New York, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London,
England,Board of the Los Angeles World Affairs Council, Director of AK
Steel Corporation and Texas Biotechnology Corporation...
CSIS ... links to NED, CIA, USAID...
CSIS was launched at the height of the Cold War, dedicated to the simple but
urgent goal of finding ways for America to survive as a nation and prosper as
a people. During the following four decades, CSIS has grown to become one of
the nation’s and the world’s preeminent public policy institutions
on U.S. and international security.
From its beginning, CSIS has been committed to bipartisan problem solving. While
partisan competition advances ideas, America prospers when policy leaders develop
a consensus across the political spectrum. CSIS actively unites leaders from
both parties to join in shared problem solving.
2005 : Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff adopts many of the
reorganization ideas offered in DHS 2.0, a 2004 report by CSIS and the
Heritage Foundation, in his restructuring plan for the department.
2005 : Recommendations made by the CSIS Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project
results in the creation of an office for reconstruction at the Department
of State and a U.S. government training center for reconstruction and
stabilization issues at the Naval Postgraduate School.
2005 : Recommendations in the CSIS report Barracks and Brothels : Peacekeepers
and Human Trafficking in the Balkans help shape provisions in the Trafficking
Victims Protection Act (HR 972), which addresses the links between peacekeeping
and human trafficking.
2005 : CSIS conducts the “Steadfast Resolve” simulation exercise
as a means to identify challenges to top government officials in responding
to a terrorist attack that is harmful, but not catastrophic, and where
there is uncertainty about possible follow-on attacks.
2005 : Hills Governance Center is launched at Tsinghua University in Beijing,
China, for the purpose of promoting transparency and accountability across
the private, public, and civic sectors. It joins centers in Korea and
the Philippines, which were opened in 2003...
2003 : Co-chaired by Senators Bill Frist and John Kerry, the CSIS Task
Force on HIV/AIDS begins phase two in its effort to strengthen U.S. leadership
and build consensus around HIV/AIDS policy in the “second-wave”
states of China, Russia, India, Nigeria, and Ethiopia.
2002: CSIS releases The Global Retirement Crisis: The Threat to World
Stability and What to Do about It. Co-published with Citigroup, the report
educates readers on the impending world pension crisis and on ways to
reduce the negative economic ramifications of global aging.
2002 : CSIS launches the Abshire-Inamori Leadership Academy to develop
future leaders with character, creativity, and strategic vision. Kazuo
Inamori provides an endowment of $5 million for the academy’s leadership-building
2001 : CSIS forms the Terrorism Task Force, led by CSIS scholars, to assist
in the development of long-term, national strategies to combat future
terrorist attacks against the U.S. homeland. This effort results in the
publication of To Prevail: An American Strategy for the Campaign against
Terrorism, the first post-9/11 guide to fighting transnational terrorism.
2001 : A CSIS report, Computer Exports and National Security in a Global
Era: New Tools for a New Century, recommends ending performance-based
hardware controls on computers and microprocessors; strengthening nonproliferation
controls that focus on end users and projects of concern ; and finding
new ways to take advantage of information technologies to build U.S. military
2001 : CSIS holds the “Dark Winter” exercise to determine
the health and security implications of a smallpox attack in the United
2001 : U.S. Policy to End Sudan’s War, a report produced by an international
task force headed by the CSIS Africa Program and members of Congress,
provides policymakers with a pragmatic strategy for bringing a lasting
peace to Sudan.
2001 : CSIS Strategic Energy Initiative finds that U.S. energy policy
lacks global perspective and contains inherent contradictions, making
it potentially difficult to meet emerging supply threats...
The attacks on the World Trade Center, Pentagon and in Madrid and London demonstrated
the lethality of a new threat: not from other nations against military targets,
or from terrorists with limited political objectives, but from non-state actors
indiscriminately striking civilian and other targets, possibly with weapons
of mass destruction. Confronting this threat requires new strategic thinking,
new partnerships with historically 'non-security' institutions, a radical restructuring
of existing national defense organizations and improved international co-operation.
CSIS’s work in this area centers on the Homeland Security Program,
which focuses on advancing policies, practices, and partnerships to keep America
safe and secure at home and abroad. The Technology and Public Policy Program
covers cyber security issues, intelligence reform, and how to leverage information
technology for the purposes of homeland security. CSIS is also a major
contributor to the Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the
Information Age which examines methods to create an information network that
prevents terrorism, while preserving civil liberties. With its Mexico
Project, strong focus on Canada and the Caribbean and array of activities related
to Central and South America, the Americas Program also examines issues
relevant to U.S. homeland security...
• BOARD of Trustees, CSIS
Sam Nunn -- Cochairman & CEO, Nuclear Threat Initiative
David M. Abshire -- President, Center for the Study of the Presidency
Chairman, Executive Committee:
Anne Armstrong -- Former U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain
- George L. Argyros -- Chairman & CEO, Arnel & Affiliates
- Betty Beene -- Former President & CEO, United Way of America
- Reginald K. Brack -- Former Chairman & CEO, Time, Incorporated
- William E. Brock** -- Chairman, Bridges LearningSystems, Inc.
- Harold Brown -- Counselor, CSIS
- Zbigniew Brzezinski -- Counselor, CSIS
- William S. Cohen** -- Chairman & CEO, The Cohen Group
- Ralph Cossa -- President, Pacific Forum/CSIS
- Jeffrey M. Cunningham -- Chairman & CEO, Directorship Services LLC
- Richard Fairbanks -- Counselor, CSIS
- Michael P. Galvin* -- President, Galvin Enterprises, Inc.
- John J. Hamre* -- President & CEO, CSIS
- Linda W. Hart -- Vice Chairman & CEO, The Hart Group, Inc.
- Ben W. Heineman, Jr. -- CSIS Trustee and Senior Adviser
- Thomas O. Hicks -- Chairman, Hicks Holdings LLC
- Carla A. Hills -- Chairman & CEO, Hills & Company
- Ray L. Hunt -- Chairman & CEO, Hunt Consolidated, Inc.
- E. Neville Isdell -- Chairman & CEO, The Coca-Cola Company
- Henry A. Kissinger** -- Chairman & CEO, Kissinger Associates, Inc.
- Kenneth G. Langone -- President & CEO, Invemed Associates, LLC
- Donald B. Marron -- Chairman & CEO, Lightyear Capital
- Joseph Nye -- Distinguished Service Professor, Harvard University, Kennedy
School of Government
- E. Stanley O’Neal -- Chairman of the Board, CEO, & President, Merrill
Lynch & Co., Inc.
- Felix G. Rohatyn -- President, Rohatyn Associates, LLC
- David Rubenstein -- Managing Director, The Carlyle Group
- Charles A. Sanders -- Former Chairman & CEO, Glaxo Inc.
- James R. Schlesinger** -- Senior Advisor, Lehman Brothers, Inc.
- William A. Schreyer* -- Chairman Emeritus, Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
- Brent Scowcroft**-- President, Forum for International Policy
- Rex Tillerson -- President, Exxon Mobil
- Murray Weidenbaum -- Hon. Chair, Weidenbaum Center, Washington University
- Dolores D. Wharton -- Retired Chairman & CEO, The Fund For Corporate Initiatives,
- Frederick B. Whittemore -- Advisory Director, Morgan Stanley
THINK-TANKS & NEO-EUGENISM ATTACK ON
DEMOCRACY ! (3)
Théories néolibérales US de la biocratie et du néoeugénisme
(psychologie, biosciences, économie et domination).
"IQ Will Put You
In Your Place"
by Dr. Charles Murray (American Enterprise Institute of Washington, 1997)
magine several hundred families which face few of the usual problems that plague
modern society. Unemployment is zero. Illegitimacy is zero. Divorce is rare
and occurs only after the children's most formative years. Poverty is absent
- indeed, none of the families is anywhere near the poverty level. Many are
affluent and all have enough income to live in decent neighbourhoods with good
schools and a low crime rate. If you have the good fortune to come from such
a background, you will expect a bright future for your children. You will certainly
have provided them with all the advantages society has to offer. But suppose
we follow the children of these families into adulthood. How will they actually
A few years ago the late Richard Herrnstein and I published a controversial
book about IQ, The Bell Curve, in which we said that much would depend on IQ.
On average, the bright children from such families will do well in life - and
the dull children will do poorly. Unemployment, poverty and illegitimacy will
be almost as great among the children from even these fortunate families as
they are in society at large - not quite as great, because a positive family
background does have some good effect, but almost, because IQ is such an important
"More on the Bell
by Dr. Charles Murray and Daniel Seligman (1997)
"The topic of race and genes is like the topic of sex in Victorian England.
The intellectual elites are horrified if anyone talks about it, but behind the
scenes they are fascinated. I will say it more baldly than Dick and I did in
the book: In their heart of hearts, intellectual elites, especially liberal
ones, have two nasty secrets regarding IQ. First, they really believe that IQ
is the be-all and end-all of human excellence and that someone with a low IQ
is inferior. Second, they are already sure that the black - white IQ difference
is predominantly genetic and that this is a calamity -- such a calamity indeed
that it must not be spoken about, even to oneself.
The reality of a cognitive elite is becoming so obvious that I wonder if even
critics of the book really doubt it. The relationship of low IQ to the underclass?
Ditto. Welfare reform is helping the argument along, by the way, as journalistic
accounts reveal how many welfare mothers are not just uneducated, but of conspicuously
low intelligence. The intractability of IQ? Dick and I said that IQ was 40 to
80 per cent heritable"...
"Whatever Happened to Eugenics,
Glayde Whitney's Review of Heredity and Humanity : Race, Eugenics and Modern
Science" (Pr. Roger Pearson, Anthropology/Psychobiology, 1996)
Whatever happened to Eugenics ? How is it that the prevention of human
suffering came to be considered as the greater evil ?
The second half of the book deals in fascinating depth with essentially current
happenings, both in eugenical science [genetics], and in ideological countermoves
to empirical science. On the one hand, DNA fingerprinting can now establish,
from a drop of saliva or dried blood, the race of origin to a probability of
error of less than one-in-a-hundred-million. Incredibly, at the same time popular
media and scientific publications stridently proclaim that biological [genetic]
races do not exist. We are now in critical times, a race is occurring around
us between humanitarian applications of modern genetic science (eugenics, that
is) and the suppression of knowledge by PeeCee ideologues. The media, by-and-large
trained by egalitarians, know no better than to attack as "racist",
"repellent", or "repugnant" almost any admission of information
concerning behavior and genetic diversity among human races. Yet at the same
time the human genome project in combination with a wide variety of research
in the neurosciences [brain science] and behavioral medicine and genetics in
general, is quickly taking us beyond the point where race differences can be
obfuscated or denied. So ? It is ominous that there is a proliferation of 'hate
crime' and 'hate speech' laws being considered or already in existence in various
European countries, Australia, and Canada. While in the United States, under
the umbrella of first amendment freedom-of-speech protection, academic tenure
is under wide-spread attack and previously respectable academic publishers are
censuring authors and censoring their book lists, even withdrawing from publication
a title deemed "repellent" for including mention of race differences.
Whatever happened to eugenics ?...
Economics for the Long Run"
by Pr. E.M.Miller (Department of Economics and Finance of University of
"There is sufficient knowledge now about the importance of genetic factors
to indicate that, over time, income could be raised by eugenics. Such a program
is not politically feasible now, but someday it may be, especially when overpopulation
makes it necessary to restrict births. Eugenics may then become popular among
the ruling classes because it provides a rationale for exempting them from the
restrictions that would otherwise apply"...
for a New Eugenics"
by Pr. Glayde Whitney (Department of Psychology at Florida State University,
paper for The Galton Institute, Londres,1999)
Although we know so little at the present time, our store of genetic knowledge
and reproductive technology is vastly greater than at any time in the past.
And our rate of acquisition of new knowledge and techniques is accelerating.
If we can just educate the people, defeat the socialist ideologues, and keep
the politician's hands off, then, with the new reproductive technology contributing
to the Galtonian Revolution, a brave, and wonderful, new world awaits us in
the new millennium"...
: A Reassessment (embryo selection and cloning)"
by Pr.Richard Lynn (Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University
of Ulster, 2001)
"Lynn argues that the condemnation of eugenics in the second half of the
20th century went too far and offers a reassessment. The eugenic objectives
of eliminating genetic diseases, increasing intelligence, and reducing personality
disorders he argues, remain desirable and are achievable by human biotechnology.
In this four-part analysis, Lynn begins with an account of the foundation of
eugenics by Francis Galton and the rise and fall of eugenics in the twentieth
century. He then sets out historical formulations on this issue and discusses
in detail desirability of the new eugenics of human biotechnology. After examining
the classic approach of attempting to implement eugenics by altering reproduction,
Lynn concludes that the policies of classical eugenics are not politically feasible
in democratic societies. The new eugenics of human biotechnology--prenatal diagnosis
of embryos with genetic diseases, embryo selection, and cloning--may be more
likely than classic eugenics to evolve spontaneously in western democracies.
Lynn looks at the ethical issues of human biotechnologies and how they may be
used by authoritarian states to promote state power. He predicts how eugenic
policies and dysgenic processes are likely to affect geopolitics and the balance
of power in the 21st century. Lynn offers a provocative analysis that will be
of particular interest to psychologists, sociologists, demographers, and biologists
concerned with issues of population change and intelligence"...
Dominance & Democracy : The Biological Bases of Authoritarianism" by Albert
Somit, Steven A.Peterson (1997)
Somit and Peterson seek to explain two apparently contradictory yet well-established
political phenomena: First, throughout human history, the vast majority of political
societies have been authoritarian. Second, notwithstanding this pattern, from
time to time, democracies do emerge and some even have considerable stability.
A neo-Darwinian approach can help make sense of these observations. Humans--social
primates--have an inborn bias toward authoritarian life, based on their tendency
to engage in dominance behavior and the formation of dominance hierarchies.
Reinforcing this bias is an impulse toward obedience. These factors are associated
with the propensity of humans to accept authoritarian systems.Nonetheless, the
authors argue, conditions of material abundance combined with another human
characteristic--indoctrinability--can foster the emergence and maintenance of
democracies. Somit and Peterson assert that an understanding of "human
nature" from an evolutionary perspective can help to explain how and why
political systems have developed. They conclude by pointing to policy implications
that might enhance the odds of formation and continuation of democratic forms
of government. Students and scholars of political science and philosophy, sociology,
and human biology will find this an intriguing study...
by Nick Bostrom, Departement de Philosophie, de logique et de méthodologie
scientifique, Ecole d'Economie de Londres,
"The World Transhumanist Association is an international nonprofit membership
organization which advocates the ethical use of technology to expand human capacities.
We support the development of and access to new technologies that enable everyone
to enjoy better minds, better bodies and better lives. In other words, we want
people to be better than well"...
The Ubermensch, the Superman and the Posthuman
Dr. Klaus-Gerd Giesen
"In the most vicious yet thorough attack against transhumanism to date,
Dr. Klaus-Gerd Giesen, a professor of political sciences at the University of
Leipzig in Germany, wrote, among other things, in Transhumanism and Human Genetics
(a widely-cited polemical article written in French for the Genetics Observatory,
a project of the Centre for Bioethics of the Clinical Research Institute of
"Encasing the figure of the nietzchean superman - which, by the way, is
a constant reference for transhumanists in their writings or mailing lists -
in an absurd biological materialism that would no doubt amuse the German philosopher,
transhumanists push their nihilism to the point of speculating about the members
of the privileged stratum of society eventually enhancing themselves and their
offspring to a point where the human species, for many practical purposes, splits
into two or more species that have little in common except a shared evolutionary