SOCIETY / MOVEMENTS
e le mafie"
Narcomafie, Ottobre 06 La Giustizia puo attendre
Un documentario mette a nudo la giustizia italiana, Sotto la toga,
niente, Federico Varese
un crimine legittimato
Editoriale di Livio Pepino
"La tortura (cioè, secondo la definizione
della Convenzione di New York sottoscritta il 10 dicembre 1984 e ratificata
dall’Italia con legge 3 novembre 1988, n. 498, «ogni atto
mediante il quale siano inflitti intenzionalmente a una persona dolore
o sofferenze gravi allo scopo di ottenere informazioni o di punirla, a
condizione che il dolore o la sofferenza siano inflitti da o con il consenso
o l’acquiescenza di un pubblico ufficiale») è –
secondo il Diritto internazionale – un crimine contro l’umanità
bandito da tutti gli ordinamenti democratici. Intendiamoci: nei fatti
non è così...."
del Centro siciliano di documentazione "Giuseppe Impastato" Csd
Traffici illeciti in Medio Oriente ....
Le falle nel muro di Gianluca Iazzolino
Dovrebbe tenere lontani israeliani e palestinesi. In realtà, lo
attraversano migliaia di persone ogni anno – pagando un “pedaggio”
– per cercare un lavoro (in nero) o per commerciare. Qualcuno per
farsi esplodere. E poi merci, documenti falsi, armi e reperti archeologici,
specialità della mafia russa che in Israele ha radici profonde...
Seule la mafia russe aurait trouvé le moyen de franchir le mur
de la honte et de vivre, là où la vie n'a aucun droit. (Narcomafie,
le Pape, les architectes du choc des civilisations ont-ils trouvé
leur apôtre ? par Leila, oulala (18/09/06)
Chiesa e mafia in Sicilia, Parole Opere Omissioni
L’église et l'ombre de Cosa Nostra... Benoît
XVI et Salvatore Cuffaro, 48 ans, démocrate-chrétien,
nouveau Président de la Région de Sicile, accusé
de favoritisme envers Cosa Nostra. Le parquet de Palerme estime qu'il
a fait bénéficier des parrains d'informations protégées
par le secret de l'instruction sur des enquêtes les concernant...
Tous les chemins mènent à Rome. (Narcomafie n° 7/8 Luglio,
l'evoluzione della Yakuza Il Sol levante produce sempre più ombre
di Eva Morletto (Narcomafie, 6/2006)
L'ARRESTO DI BERNARDO PROVENZANO
SPEAK OUT !
Institute for democratic education and culture, Emeryville, CA,
& Artists (Elaine Brown, Angela Davis,Ron Daniels, Linda Evans,
Brian Jones, Greg Palast, Howard Zinn, Rev. Irene Monroe...)
Out ! Engagements
Quel rôle pour l'Etat ?
dans une société industrielle avancée ?
Chomsky revisite les fondements idéologiques de
quatre modèles de société : le libéralisme
classique, le socialisme libertaire, le socialisme d’État
et le capitalisme d’État...
du tourisme, gagnants et perdants
(...) Révélateurs criants des disparités Nord-Sud,
les flux et l'industrie touristiques ont aussi tendance à creuser
les écarts et le " premier monde " s'impose toujours
comme le principal émetteur et récepteur de ces " migrants
de plaisance " que sont les vacanciers..." Posté par
le CETRI, Alternatives Sud n°3/2006, Points de vue du Sud, Editions
A paraître également en décembre 2006 : Etat
des résistances dans le Sud - 2007
climatiques. Impasses et perspectives
"Le réchauffement climatique fait planer une menace globale
sur la planète. En particulier sur les populations les plus vulnérables
du Sud, déjà victimes des premiers effets dramatiques des
dérèglements. En 2005 à Montréal, la Conférence
des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques a tenté de garantir
la pérennité du Protocole de Kyoto au-delà de 2012.
Mais la prise de conscience mondiale se heurte aux intérêts
nationaux et les mesures engagées pour limiter les émissions
de gaz à effet de serre restent dérisoires. En cause, le
productivisme économiciste des logiques dominantes et l’intérêt
à court terme des secteurs qui en profitent..." (Posté
par le CETRI, Alternatives Sud n°2/2006, Editions Syllepse, Louvain-la-Neuve.)
Le " miracle" chinois vu de l'intérieur Points
de vue du Sud
Editions Syllepse - Centre Tricontinental vol. XII (2005) La
société civile socialement engagée en République
démocratique du Congo
Ed.L'Harmattan - Centre Tricontinental, 2005 François Houtart
le capitalisme. Reconstruire l'espérance
Colophon Ed. 2005 F. Houtart
L'eau de Vivendi, les vérités inavouables
Soutien à Jean Luc Touly face à l'acharnement
de Volia Eau-CGE (ex-Vivendi)
La Norvège dit NON pour l'eau à l'AGCS
A la veille du sommet de l'OMC à Hong Kong, le gouvernement norvégien,
la semaine dernière, a annoncé qu'il retire de ses demandes
le secteur de l'eau dans l'Accord Général sur le Commerce
des Services (AGCS), comme pour l'électricité et pour l'éducation.
des réfugié-e-s dans le conflit israëlo-palestinien
Conférences publiques avec Ilan Pappé,
Bâle, Berne, Zurich & Genève (19:30 salle Zazi Sadou
Maison des Associations, 15 rue des Savoises, Plainpalais-Genève
2-3-4 décembre 2005
"Aussi longtemps que les réfugiés palestiniens, qui ont
été chassés de chez eux par les nouveaux arrivants
juifs, en 1948, ne pourront pas retourner chez eux, et aussi longtemps
que l'occupation militaire des territoires conquis par Israël en
1967 persistera, aucune solution durable ne sera possible. Aucune proposition
de paix, jusqu'à ce jour, n'a apporté de solution équitable,
ni aux réfugiés palestiniens, ni aux Palestiniens qui continuent
à vivre sous une occupation militaire brutale." (Ilan
28 décembre 2005, Tel Aviv University Dr.Eyad El-Sarraj,
Prf.Salim Tamari, Dr.Ilan Pappé, Prf.Anat Biletzki, Prf.Yehuda
Elkana, Luisa Morgantini... (FFIPP-Sponsored Conferences)
Really Happened Fifty Years Ago? (version intégrale The
Link pdf) by I.Pappé
« Il faut sanctionner
Israël, désinvestir d'Israël et savoir aller de l'avant »
Ilan Pappé (conférence)
Repenser l'action politique
de gauche, essai de Pierre Mouterde, préface de François
Houtart, présentation par C.Pose
Lancement du livre le 10/11 en collaboration avec
L'UFP & Ecosociété, Casa
Venezuela nous sommes avec toi (CVEC), Réseau des droits humains
Découvrez également la pensée sociale de nos amis
Lire notre entretien avec Pierre Mouterde, rubrique Hors-les-lignes
d'un assassin financier John Perkins
Essai, une approche critique de l'expérience, des sciences et des
luttes concrètes du sociologue militant québécois
Thibault, l'auteur est membre du comité de rédaction
et anime le groupe montréalais Les Amis du Monde Diplomatique
- interviews Forum-CANADA.
- Présentation en deux parties de "Ses propres moyens"
par C. Pose, rubrique Hors-les-lignes. Cet essai est disponible aux Editions
humanitaire. Droits de l'homme, droit d'ingérence,
de Jean Bricmont
Préface de François Houtart
posté par Julie Franck (Univ. Genève)
21-25/3/05 Studio 11 Carpe
Bienstock's most recent documentary, Sex
Slaves (airing on CBC Tv. Sep.19,05, 8:00pm ET) investigates
the trafficking of women from the former Soviet bloc into the global sex
slave trade. Written, directed and produced by Bienstock, this is the
first film to take viewers inside the world of trafficking to meet victims,
their families and traffickers, who talk candidly about their experiences
of how the sex slave trade operates.
1st anniversary of 11M.
"Democracy & terrorism" Center
for the study of POLITICAL GRAPHICS (USA)
Posters for sale San
International Working Class Film & Video Festival
Festival international de films de Fribourg 12-19
mars 2006 Chicago
Palestine Film Festival 2005
Arts, Music & Culture
Festivals & Special Events Coverage
Sor Alice" disparue en Argentine en 1977
5/5/04 (Fr) film de A.Marquardt
La Mirada de las victimas 3PUNTOS(sp)
La face cachée de la Terre Le
de cinéma de la Havane(fr)
Fall of Bagdad GNN (en)
(Chossudovsky & Ruppert) GNN, CRG
Saddam : Thanks for Memories Bushflash, CRG
Looting is not un America, CRG
Eyes, the Village Voice
L'Armée Japonaise (SDF) en Irak .....
War Readiness, Znet asia
premiers militaires japonais partent pour le Golfe, Le Monde
gouvernement japonais réaffirme son intransigeance
News Irak &
North Korea (jp)
Article 9 - Constitution Japonaise
9-Jo no kai
labor movement and Doro-Chiba's Struggle (en)(jp)
global network of artists, activists, writers, pranksters, students, educators
and entrepreneurs who want to advance the new social activist movement
of the information age La
Lutte Finale (2003 1, mai) est une opération mise en oeuvre
par L'ENTREPRISE CULTURELLE
Map of The World
for the study of POLITICAL GRAPHICS (USA)
Dead Wrong is as urgent and timely as today's headlines: The U.S. Supreme
Court has just denied 3 California appeals from death row and Attorney
General Lockyer has already requested execution dates for S.Tookie Williams
(Dec. 13,05), C.Ray Allen (Jan. 17,06) and M.Morales (Feb.06). Organizations
united to abolish the death penalty in America and around the World
South Center for Human Rights (SCHR)
Life is the great primary and most precious and comprehensive of all human
rights . . . whether it be coupled with virtue honor, and happiness, or
with sin, disgrace and misery, the continued possession of it is rightfully
not a matter of volition; . . . [it is not] to be deliberately or voluntarily
destroyed, either by individuals separately, or combined in what is called
- Frederick Douglass
Center's Prison and Jail Cases in the News (très important
Abu Ghraibs By BOB HERBERT, New York Times, May 31, 2004
"Most Americans were shocked by the sadistic treatment of
Iraqi detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison. But we shouldn't have been.
Not only are inmates at prisons in the U.S. frequently subjected to similarly
grotesque treatment, but Congress passed a law in 1996 to ensure that
in most cases they were barred from receiving any financial compensation
for the abuse.
We routinely treat prisoners
in the United States like animals. We brutalize and degrade them, both
men and women. And we have a lousy record when it comes to protecting
well-behaved, weak and mentally ill prisoners from the predators surrounding
Very few Americans have raised
their voices in opposition to our shameful prison policies. And I'm convinced
that's primarily because the inmates are viewed as less than human.
Stephen Bright, director of
the Southern Center for Human Rights, represented several prisoners in
Georgia who sought compensation in the late-1990's for treatment that
was remarkably similar to the abuses at Abu Ghraib. An undertaker named
Wayne Garner was in charge of the prison system at the time, having been
appointed in 1995 by the governor, Zell Miller, who is now a U.S. senator.
Mr. Garner considered himself
a tough guy. In a federal lawsuit brought on behalf of the prisoners by
the center, he was quoted as saying that while there were some inmates
who "truly want to do better . . . there's another 30 to 35 per cent
that ain't fit to kill. And I'm going to be there to accommodate them."
On Oct. 23, 1996, officers
from the Tactical Squad of the Georgia Department of Corrections raided
the inmates' living quarters at Dooly State Prison, a medium-security
facility in Unadilla, Ga. This was part of a series of brutal shakedowns
at prisons around the state that were designed to show the prisoners that
a new and tougher regime was in charge.
What followed, according to
the lawsuit, was simply sick. Officers opened cell doors and ordered the
inmates, all males, to run outside and strip. With female prison staff
members looking on, and at times laughing, several inmates were subjected
to extensive and wholly unnecessary body cavity searches. The inmates
were ordered to lift their genitals, to squat, to bend over and display
One inmate who was suspected
of being gay was told that if he ever said anything about the way he was
being treated, he would be locked up and beaten until he wouldn't "want
to be gay anymore." An officer who was staring at another naked inmate
said, "I bet you can tap dance." The inmate was forced to dance,
and then had his body cavities searched.
An inmate in a dormitory identified
as J-2 was slapped in the face and ordered to bend over and show himself
to his cellmate. The raiding party apparently found that to be hilarious.
According to the lawsuit, Mr.
Garner himself, the commissioner of the Department of Corrections, was
present at the Dooly Prison raid.
None of the prisoners named
in the lawsuit were accused of any improper behavior during the course
of the raid. The suit charged that the inmates' constitutional rights
had been violated and sought compensation for the pain, suffering, humiliation
and degradation they had been subjected to.
The Prison Litigation Reform
Act, designed in part to limit "frivolous" lawsuits by inmates,
was passed by Congress and signed into law by Bill Clinton in 1996. It
specifically prohibits the awarding of financial compensation to prisoners
"for mental or emotional injury while in custody without a prior
showing of physical injury."
Without any evidence that they
had been seriously physically harmed, the inmates in the Georgia case
were out of luck. The courts ruled against them.
This is the policy of the United
States of America.
Said Mr. Bright: "Today
we are talking about compensating prisoners in Iraq for degrading treatment,
as of course we should. But we do not allow compensation for prisoners
in the United States who suffer the same kind of degradation and humiliation."
The message with regard to
the treatment of prisoners in the U.S. has been clear for years: Treat
them any way you'd like. They're just animals.
The treatment of the detainees
in Iraq was far from an aberration. They, too, were treated like animals,
which was simply a logical extension of the way we treat prisoners here
Equal justice initiative of Alabama
"There is a crisis in the South surrounding legal services for defendants
whose very lives are at risk in criminal courts, jails and prisons. In
the past few years, Alabama sentenced more people to death per capita
than any other state in the country. The death sentencing rate in Alabama
is three to ten times greater than that in other Southern states. In 1998,
Tennessee, with a population of 5.4 million, sentenced four people to
death; Missouri, with a population of 5.4 million, sentenced six people
to death; Indiana, with a population of 5.9 million, sentenced three people
to death; Arizona with a population of 4.7 million, sentenced six people
to death; and Kentucky, with a population of 3.9 million, sentenced four
people to death. Alabama, with a population of 4.2 million, sentenced
twenty-six people to death.
In the past 10 years, Alabama's death row population has doubled. There
are currently 190 people under sentence of death in the state with an
additional 300 people facing capital murder trials. Alabama's unusually
high death row population is partially due to a unique provision which
allows an elected judge to reject a jury's verdict of life. Nearly 22%
of the people sitting on Alabama's death row received a life verdict that
was overridden by a trial judge.
Alabama has no state-wide public defender system and there are dozens
of death row prisoners without legal representation. Death row prisoners
challenging their convictions and sentences in state or federal collateral
proceedings have no right to counsel. Lawyers appointed to represent death
row prisoners in state postconviction proceedings cannot be paid more
than $1000 per case under Alabama state law. Not surprisingly, death row
prisoners have tremendous difficulty finding legal representation.
The Equal Justice Initiative of Alabama, with a legal staff of 5 attorneys,
represents dozens of the condemned men, women, and juveniles currently
facing execution in the state of Alabama. EJI also recruits attorneys
who are willing to represent death row prisoners and is assisted by graduate
fellows from New York University School of Law.
EJI is committed to providing quality representation to people on death
row and challenging the hopelessness that often plagues the administration
of justice for the poor and disadvantaged..."
Hands off Cain
" Liberia abolished the death penalty for all crimes on September
16, 2005 when it acceded to the Second Optional Protocol to the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the
death penalty. This treaty was one of a record 103 treaties that Liberia
endorsed on the same day, 83 of which became law in the country with immediate
effect, including the Second Optional Protocol.
This development strengthens the abolitionist camp internationally and
in Africa, where executions were carried out by just four countries in
2004 and so far in 2005. Liberia’s change of status from a
death penalty retentionist to an abolitionist country took place after
the cut-off date of HOC’s 2005 report and changes the world situation
concerning country status on abolition with respect to the data carried
in the printed report. This development also strengthens the chances of
success of a UN General Assembly resolution calling for a stop to executions
There are now 88 countries worldwide that are completely abolitionist,
86 of which are UN member states. Retentionist countries worldwide are
to date 57, of which 55 are UN member states.
The following summary of HOC’s 2005 report, which covers death penalty
news and developments in all of 2004 through to September 15, 2005, has
been updated to accurately reflect the current situation..."
Georgians for Alternatives to
the Dealth Penalty
A Case for Moratorium
Williams' life was spared by the state's Board of Pardons and Paroles.
We commend their decision and call for the state to take the next step
by placing a moratorium on executions and comissioning a study of the
death penalty's application. We have a system in which a man came close
to being executed who should have never been on death row.
In November, 2002, Williams' reportedly committed suicide after he had
been moved out of death row and into prison. A very tragic end to an already
Citizens United for Alternatives to the
American Bar Association -
Death Penalty Moratorium
Brief History of ABA Death Penalty Policy and the
Death Penalty Moratorium Implementation Project
"Before Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (1972), there were relatively
few U.S. Supreme Court challenges to the constitutionality of capital
punishment, and none that dealt squarely with whether the death penalty
violates the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment.
In Furman, however, the Court addressed this constitutional question and,
in a series of five concurring opinions, held that the imposition of Georgia’s
death penalty constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of
the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. The Court so held because juries
in Georgia (like those in many other states) had virtually total discretion
in deciding whether to impose death sentences. As Justice Douglas stated
in his opinion, "We deal with a system of law and of justice that
leaves to the uncontrolled discretion of judges or juries the determination
whether defendants committing these crimes should die or be imprisoned.
Under these laws, no standards govern the selection of the penalty. People
live or die, dependent on the whim of one man or of 12..."
Human Rights Watch
The Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation
"Since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, at least thirty-five
people with mental retardation have been executed in the United States.
The exact number of people with this disability who are on death row awaiting
execution is not known; experts believe there may be two or three hundred.
Because of their mental retardation, these men and women cannot understand
fully what they did wrong and many cannot even comprehend the punishment
that awaits them. While they have the bodies of adults, in crucial ways
their mental function is more like that of children. Twenty-five states,
nevertheless, permit capital punishment for offenders with mental retardation.
The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the execution of persons with mental
retardation is not cruel and unusual punishment prohibited by the Eighth
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
In recent years, a growing public revulsion against executing persons
with mental retardation has emerged in opinion surveys and political initiatives.
Polls consistently show that a clear majority of American people -- including
many who support the death penalty -- believe it is wrong to subject those
with mental retardation to the ultimate state-sanctioned punishment. Thirteen
states and the federal government have passed legislation prohibiting
the execution of offenders with mental retardation and, as of February
this year, efforts are underway in seven states to obtain similar legislation..."
amendment tilts playing field for death penalty
by Human Rights Watch (27/10/O5)
"Human Rights Watch said that the legislation would give dramatic
power to a single juror who could hold out for the death penalty –
and thus enable the prosecution to secure a new jury. Juries in death
penalty cases are already “death-qualified,” meaning that
anyone who opposes the death penalty on moral, religious, or practical
grounds is excluded from the jury. Yet another legislative provision passed
by the House would tilt the trial in favor of death even further by permitting
the judge to reduce the number of jurors below twelve, with no minimum
number set. A smaller jury would make it even easier for prosecutors to
secure a unanimous verdict in favor of death..."
International : The Death Penalty
"The death penalty is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.
It violates the right to life.
It is irrevocable and can be inflicted on the innocent. It has never been
shown to deter crime more effectively than other punishments.
As an organization dedicated to the protection and promotion of human
rights, Amnesty International (AI) works for an end to executions and
the abolition of the death penalty everywhere.
The progress has been dramatic. When AI convened an International Conference
on the Death Penalty in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1977, just 16 countries
had abolished capital punishment for all crimes. Today the figure stands
"• at least 2,148 people were executed in 22 countries
• 94% of them were killed in China,, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the
• An additional 5,186 people were sentenced to death
However, despite the shocking figures, the trend towards abolition continues
to grow: the number of countries carrying out executions has dropped for
a fourth consecutive year; over the last twenty years, numbers have halved.
Mexico and Liberia have most recently abolished the death penalty.
There are also more than 20,000 people on death row waiting to be killed
by their own governments.
The figures we have are approximate: many governments, like China, refuse
to publish full official statistics on executions, while Viet Nam has
even classified statistics and reporting on the death penalty as a ‘state
The death penalty is the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights.
It is often applied in a discriminatory manner, follows unfair trials
or is applied for political reasons. It can be an irreversible error when
there is miscarriage of justice. AI will continue to campaign until the
death penalty is abolished worldwide...
Death Penalty Information Center
International Report Finds Declining Executions and Trend Toward Abolition
Posted: April 25, 2006
Amnesty International's most recent annual death penalty report, "The
Death Penalty Worldwide: Developments in 2005," revealed a substantial
drop in recorded executions around the world, as well as a growing number
of nations that have abandoned the death penalty. According to the report,
four nations accounted for 94% of the 2,148 recorded executions carried
out around the world in 2005, a total that is significantly less than
the 3,797 executions recorded in 2004 (however, in many countries the
exact number of executions is unknown). Those four nations are China (1,770),
Iran (94), Saudi Arabia (86), and the United States (60). Only 22 countries
carried out executions in 2005, down from 25 in 2004. This is the fourth
straight year this figure has dropped and it has halved in the last 20
State by State Information
"-Death Row Population as of January 1, 2006.
-State executions accurate as of most recent execution.
-Source for Pre-1976 executions: The Espy Database.
-States with/without the Death Penalty
-Source for Murder Rates: FBI Uniform Crime Statistics for 2004 (Published
Fighting For Life in the Death-Belt
Fighting For Life In The Death-Belt (DVCAM 52 min) considers the controversial
institution of capital punishment in America through the eyes of Stephen
Bright, the nation's leading anti-death penalty lawyer. For twenty years
Bright has defended death row inmates deep in the heart of America's "death-belt"
the Southeastern States where 90% of executions occur.
SCHR: Judicial Independence, Articles and Reports
Judges and the
politics of death: deciding between the Bill of rights and the next election
in capital cases by Stephen Bright & Patrick Keenan (pdf)
attacks on the judiciary : can justice be done amid efforts to intimidate
and remove judges from office for unpopular decisions ? by S. Bright
independence be attained in the South ? Overcoming history, elections
and misperceptions about the role of the judiciary by S.Bright (pdf)
Elected judges and
the death penalty in Texas: why full Habeas Corpus review by independent
federal judges is indispensable to protecting constitutional rights
by S.Bright (pdf)
D'autres documents diffusés
par Stephen Bright et le SCHR pour mieux combattre la peine de mort aux
Etats-Unis et mieux comprendre l'injustice pénale US de 1995 à
Links, Federal Government
(office of the state appellate defender)
OUT ! Institute for democratic education and culture, Emeryville,
"Speak Out - Institute for Democratic Education and Culture is the
country's only national non-profit organization that promotes progressive
voices on campuses and in communities. Committed to social, political,
cultural and economic justice, Speak Out encourages critical and imaginative
thinking about domestic and international issues through artistic and
educational forums nationwide.
Speak Out works with 200 speakers and artists who represent the breadth
of social movements as well as critically-acclaimed exhibits and films
which inform and empower young people to take action for positive social
Use our web site to review our roster of speakers and artists, then contact
our office for more information on costs and availability or to schedule
an event on your campus or in your community..."
Speakers & Artists (Elaine Brown, Angela Davis,Ron
Daniels, Linda Evans, Brian Jones, Greg Palast, Howard Zinn, Rev. Irene
Out ! Engagements
-Elaine Brown, YWCA Conference, Washington, DC Apr. 29, 2006
-Peggy Myo-Young Choy, National Conference on Race and Ethnicity in Higher
Education, Chicago, IL Jun. 1, 2006
-DREAM Dance Company University of San Diego, CA May 12, 2006
-Angela Davis, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY Apr. 26, 2006
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI Apr. 27, 2006
-M. Evelina Galang, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA Apr. 25, 2006
-headRush, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA Apr. 29, 2006
MACLA, San Jose, CA May 13, 2006
-Derrick Jensen, Peak Oil /Sustainability Conference, New York, NY Apr.
Eugene, OR Jun. 11, 2006
-Winona LaDuke, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, Apr. 24, 2006
& San Diego, CA May 2-4, 2006 SUNY Syracuse, NY Oct 17 2006....
Campaign For Disarmement, Ecologiy and Human Rights
The First Practical Fuel-less Transport On Earth
Konarka.com / NanoSolar.com
OPERACION DIGNA / iNI UNA MAS!
List of the Murdered
A to Z
1. Adriana Martínez Martínez
2. Adriana Saucedo Juárez
3. Adriana Torres Márquez
4. Aída Carrillo
5. Alejandra Viescas Castro
6. Alicia Herrera
7. Alma García
8. Alma Mireya Chavira (o Chavarría) Fávila
9. Alma P. o Leticia Palafox Z.
10. Amalia Saucedo Díaz de León
11. Amelia Lucio Borja
12. Amparo Guzmán Caixba
13. Ana Gil Bravo
14. Ana Hipólito Campos
15. Ana Ma. Gardea Villalobos
16. Apolonia Fierro P.
17. Araceli Gómez Martínez
18. Araceli Lozano Bolaños
19. Araceli R. Martínez Montañés
20. Aracely Esmeralda Martínez...
25. Bárbara Araceli Martínez Ramos
26. Bertha Luz Briones
27. Blanca Estela Velázquez Valenzuela
28. Blanca Yadira Nuñez
29. Brenda Alfaro Luna
30. Brenda Berenice Delgado Rodríguez
31. Brenda Herrera
32. Brenda Lizeth Nájera Flores
33. Brenda Patricia Méndez Vásquez
34. Brisa Narváez Santos...
Sciences, applications militaires, histoire, politique, pensée
sociale critique, justice, économie, culture & société.....
L'ONU préoccuppée par Nicolas Sarkozy by
"ONU, GENEVE, Le Comité des Nations Unies contre la torture
a présenté ses conclusions et recommandations à la
fin des travaux de sa trente cinquième session. La France, pays
des Droits de l'Homme, n'en sort pas du tout grandie. Ses méthodes
préoccupent. Le ministre au bazooka désormais célèbre
par ses mots que l'Histoire n'oubliera pas de sitot, Karcher, racaille,
préoccupe la Communauté internationale. Sans commentaire
une saisine citoyenne du Conseil Constitutionnel, Contre la loi prorogeant
l'Etat d'urgence (Pétition, Place aux droits,
Mouvements signataires de la saisine citoyenne
Liberté" contre l'Etat d'urgence by Frédéric
Rolin (source E.Chouard)
"Plus de 70 professeurs et maîtres des conférences des
Facultés de droit et de sciences politiques ont décidé
de déposer ce lundi 5 décembre 2005 une requête collective
devant le Conseil d’Etat. Celle-ci vise, sur le fondement de la
procédure dite du « référé-liberté
» à obtenir du juge qu’il ordonne la suspension de
l’état d’urgence ou qu’il enjoigne au Président
de la République de le faire. Cette requête s’appuie
sur le constat du retour au calme depuis désormais plus de deux
semaines. Il n’existe plus aucune raison, ni de fait ni de droit,
de maintenir en vigueur un régime d’exception aussi rigoureux
que l’état d’urgence et qui, comme son nom l’indique,
doit demeurer exceptionnel."
journal citoyen électronique d'Etienne Chouard
"La violence (résultat d'une exclusion extrême)surgit
quand la politique est absente...Je relie la réflexion de Laurent
Mucchielli à celle sur nos institutions qui, elles aussi, excluent
les citoyens du fait politique entre deux élections : pas de Référendum
d'Initiative Citoyenne et pouvoir exécutif hors contrôle,
aussi bien en France qu'en Europe..." (E.Chouard)
"Honte aux partis" by Yvan Bachaud
"Ils déconsidèrent "la politique" en n'instaurant
pas le référendum d'Initiative Populaire (RIP) qu'ils ont
pourtant tous promis dans leur programme avant une échéance
"Espaces-Populaires", Recherche-Action, La Rage du Peuple
un Forum Social des Banlieues
et Action culturelle by Hugues
populaires et espaces publics & Hip-hop
by Hugues Bazin
food, manifeste pour le goût et la biodiversité : La malbouffe
ne passera pas ! The Slow Food movement, announced the opening of
a new University of Gastronomic Sciences at Pollenzo, in Piedmont, Italy
in 2004. Carlo Petrini and Massimo Montanari are the leading figures in
the creation of the University, whose goal is to promote awareness of
good food and nutrition.... It now describes itself (humorously) as an
"eco-gastronomy faction" within the ecology movement, and some
refer to the movement as the "culinary wing" of the anti-globalization
Slow food, Slow
and Book Chapters, P.N. Edwards
Closed World :
P.N. Edwards (en. Université du Michigan)
Computers & the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America
"The Closed World offers a radically new alternative to the canonical
histories of computers and cognitive science. Arguing that we can make
sense of computers as tools only when we simultaneously grasp their roles
as metaphors and political icons, Paul Edwards shows how Cold War social
and cultural contexts shaped emerging computer technology -- and were
transformed, in turn, by information machines.
The Closed World explores three apparently disparate histories -- the
history of American global power, the history of computing machines, and
the history of subjectivity in science and culture -- through the lens
of the American political imagination. In the process, it reveals intimate
links between the military projects of the Cold War, the evolution of
digital computers, and the origins of cybernetics, cognitive psychology,
and artificial intelligence..."
the atmospheres by Clark Miller and Paul N.Edwards (en)
"In recent years, Earth systems science has advanced rapidly, helping
to transform climate change and other planetary risks into major political
issues. Changing the Atmosphere strengthens our understanding of this
important link between expert knowledge and environmental governance.
In so doing, it illustrates how the emerging field of science and technology
studies can inform our understanding of the human dimensions of global
in a Machine: Computer Models, Data Networks, and Global Atmospheric Politics.
Projected completion: 2005. MIT Press by P.N.Edwards
"At Rio de Janeiro in 1992, most of the world's nations signed a
Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). The treaty commits them
to limit or prevent human-induced changes to the world's climate. Since
the principal cause of such change is carbon dioxide, an inevitable combustion
by-product of almost all fuels, this agreement could lead to extremely
far-reaching and costly socio-economic change. Yet the threats posed by
a possible rapid global warming may be even more profound, including droughts,
floods, large-scale changes in agricultural productivity, sea-level rise,
and many other potentially catastrophic effects.
This global climate politics -- apparently so recent -- is in fact the
outcome of a long history. Over the last fifty years, a relatively small
group of researchers at a handful of institutions developed extremely
complex computer models that simulate global climate, or the average state
of Earth's atmosphere over long periods. Without these models, the causes
and extent of climate change probably would not be known, and the political
issue of global warming would not exist.
The models could not have been developed without computers, and they could
not be calibrated or validated without global data. At the same time,
such data would never have been gathered had not computer models become
available. Without the models, detailed global weather data could not
have been processed or understood. Near-term, human-induced ("anthropogenic")
climate change could not have been tracked.
Political contexts affected these developments -- and were affected by
them -- differently in different periods. 1950s weather models were constructed
in hopes of Cold War military advantage, including weather and climate
control as possible weapons of war. In the 1960s, international collaborations
for data collection served as part of a trust-building agenda propagated
by "scientific internationalists." With the rise of the environmental
movement in the early 1970s, global climate change began to achieve recognition
as a policy issue, but remained primarily a scientific research problem.
In the early 1980s, politicized global atmospheric issues such as nuclear
winter and ozone depletion received widespread attention. These paved
the way for anthropogenic global warming to become an important public
policy issue beginning in 1988. Since then, global climate change has
been among the most hotly debated science-based policy issues in the international
Vast Machine'": Standards as Social Technology" (2004 ) by P.N.Edwards
"In 1839, John Ruskin articulated his dream of a global weather observing
The Meteorological Society ... has been formed not for a city, nor for
a kingdom, but for the world. It wishes to be the central point, the moving
power, of a vast machine. ... It desires to have at its command, at stated
periods, perfect systems of methodical and simultaneous observations;
it wishes its influence and its power to be omnipresent over the globe
... to know, at any given instant, the state of the atmosphere on every
point on its surface.
Today, Ruskin's "vast machine" is largely complete, built from
parts--satellites, instantaneous telecommunications, and computers--that
Ruskin could never have imagined. Data from a network of sensors on land,
at sea, in the atmosphere, and in outer space are assimilated by computers
in real time and redistributed to national weather services across the
The chief purpose of this Global Observing System is weather forecasting,
but the data have another important use: the detection of global climate
change by comparing data gathered decades ago with recent data. Hence,
the reliability of knowledge about climate change depends on the commensurability
of data in space and time.
How do we compare thermometer readings from Chicago in 2003 with readings
from Moscow in 1867? This is a thorny problem, because meteorological
data networks have been continuously in flux. Some changes, such as increasing
the number of surface weather stations, have been merely quantitative.
But others--especially upper-air observations at altitudes above ~500
m (since the early 20th century) and new instruments such as radar, radiosondes,
and satellite-mounted sounders--have altered the network's properties
fabriquer les ordinateurs?" (2002 in French) (PDF) by P.N.Edwards
History of Atmospheric General Circulation Modeling" (2000) (PDF)
"The World in a
Machine: Origins and Impacts of Early Computerized Global Systems Models"
(2000) (PDF) by P.N.Edwards
Science, Uncertainty and Politics: Data-laden Models, Model-Filtered Data"
(1999) (PDF) by P.N.Edwards
"Cyberpunks in Cyberspace: The Politics of Subjectivity in the Computer
Age" (1995) by P.N.Edwards
"Digital computers transform complex, sophisticated techniques into
everyday tools. As marketing campaigns so tirelessly proclaim, they thus
confer a kind of power. But the significance of computers in modern life
extends far beyond this practical capacity.
For half a century, along with television, space flight, nuclear weapons,
and automobiles, computers have formed a technological backdrop for the
American mental landscape. Revered as the consummate representatives of
an ever more technological civilization, they are tools for work and toys
for play, assistants to science, fixtures of daily life. They are icons
of efficiency, social status, and a high-tech future. Reverberating across
the intricate webworks of language and community, images of computers
weave a dense and energetic fabric of signifying forms. Computers have
been absorbed into the collective American imagination.
By 'imagination' and 'culture' I mean include not only the fantastic high-tech
futures of science fiction, but also the visions that guide public policy
and science in a world of very-large-scale integrated circuits (Haraway
1985). Computers were the enigmatic object of profound hopes and hatreds
even before their invention during the Second World War. They have always
been as much symbols as practical devices: 'giant brains,' standards of
precision, signs of scientific values, evidence of omnipotence. Ideas
about artificial intelligence, a networked society where computers instantaneously
handle calculation, communication and control, and the view of the human
brain as a biological computer are now commonplaces. We can make sense
of the material roles of computers as tools only when we simultaneously
grasp their roles as cultural metaphors.
In 1968 the largest building in Southeast Asia was the Infiltration Surveillance
Center at Nakhom Phanom in Thailand, the command center of US Air Force
Operation Igloo White. Inside the ISC technicians pored over banks of
video displays, controlled by gigantic IBM computers and connected to
thousands of sensors strewn across the Ho Chi Minh Trail in southern Laos.
The sensors <ETH> shaped like twigs, jungle plants, and animal droppings
<ETH> were designed to detect any human activity: the noises of
truck engines, body heat, even the scent of human urine. When they picked
up a signal, it appeared on the remote display terminals of the ISC as
a moving white 'worm' superimposed on a map grid. As soon as the ISC computers
could calculate the 'worm's' direction and rate of motion, coordinates
were radioed to Phantom F-4 jets patrolling the night sky. The planes'
navigation systems and computers automatically guided them to the 'box,'
or map grid square, to be attacked. The ISC central computers were also
capable of controlling the release of bombs automatically. The pilot might
do no more than sit and watch as the invisible jungle below exploded into
flames. In most cases no American ever saw the targets at all..."
le néo-eugénisme scientifique et l'intelligence économique
du Docteur Marie-Hélène Groussac,
par Jean Dornac & Altermonde-sans-frontières
"Comme j’ai pu le constater
tout au long de mes affaires, la corruption est automatiquement liée
à un tel type de protection.
L’individu, le citoyen n’est plus protégé et
ne bénéficie plus des droits normaux.
Je pense que ces lois qui cautionnent les dérives, le manque d’éthique,
la corruption et les coups bas, allant jusqu’au crime, sont anti-constitutionnelles.
C’est à ce niveau que le problème devrait être
envisagé. Ensuite, il faudrait vérifier si les lois d’obligation
vaccinales et les dernières lois ne sont pas elles aussi anti-constitutionnelles.
Reste le problème de la probité des politiques et autres
dans la mesure où la corruption est endémique dans ce pays
et dans la mesure où un certain conseil constitutionnel a, en 1998-99,
blanchit les responsables de l’Etat du génocide rwandais.
Le Rwanda a porté plainte contre la France cette année devant
la Cour Pénale Internationale pour avoir désigné
un faux bouc-émissaire (spécialité bien française,
un certain juge anti-terroriste est devenu brutalement général,
mar plij’, et chargé des affaires juridiques de l’armée
française, après avoir blanchi la France dans ce génocide,
ce que n’a pas fait le Tribunal Pénal International), affaire
à suivre… Mais il y a aussi un autre point sur lequel le
Rwanda pourrait porter plainte et qui n’est pas sans rappeler le
livre “la constance du jardinier” de John Lecarré,
ancien membre des services secrets britanniques reconverti dans l’écriture,
ni les essais sur des populations africaines du premier trust mondial,
le laboratoire américain Pfizer, devenu leader mondial grâce
au sida, c’est l’utilisation de ses orphelins du génocide,
au travers d’ONG, comme cheptel de l’industrie pharmaceutique.
Curieusement, il y a quelques temps, le président de Sanofi-Aventis,
proche de notre ancien président, présentait dans un journal
médical le projet de son labo de s’installer en Afrique.
Concernant le vaccin hépatite B : "Etant donné qu’il
existe une susceptibilité génétique qui va rendre
malade ou faire mourir, étant donné qu’on a obligé
des individus à subir cette roulette non pas russe mais française,
il s’agit d’une variante de génocide, un peu ethnique
car le taux de sujets présentant ces variants diffèrent
selon les pays et les races, que je qualifie de biologique : on éradique
non pas une race mais des porteurs de variants moléculaires. Un
problème éthique a été soulevé par
une susceptibilité à des pathologies cardio-vaculaires chez
des Noirs tant en Afrique qu’aux USA et par des tests de dépistage
mis au point et réservés aux sujets noirs, ce aux USA. Le
problème éthique soulevé était celui de tests
réservés à une race et donc à un traitement
lui aussi réservé à une race. Le problème
que soulève le vaccin hépatite B et de la susceptibilité
de certains individus est du même ordre. Il crée une discrimination
entre individus sensibles et doinc vulnérables et les autres. A
la longue et à grande échelle, il élimine certains
individus et leurs familles. Il présente donc un aspect génocidaire
et on pourrait tenter de présenter ce problème devant la
Cour Pénale Internationale de La Haye. Il n’est pas douteux
que tant le vaccin hépatite B que les variations de l’homocystéinémie
des Noirs peuvent ouvrir la voie à des génocides discrets,
le vaccin hépatite B a d’ailleurs vu le jour aux USA avec
une intention très, très particulière en dircetion
de certaines populations, en l’occurence les homosexuels.
En résumé, le vaccin hépatite B fait “tomber”
des individus dont certains présentent des particularités
génétiques (variantes de la protéine APC), en cela
il réalise un génocide biologique : alors porter l’affaire,
vue sous cet angle devant une instance internationale ? Pourquoi pas ?..."
(Dr Marie-Hélène Groussac)
de choc thermique (HSP) et traitements des vaccins HB OGM, Dr M.H.
journée internationale des victimes de vaccination
Glycosylation & Acides aminés, Dr M.H. Groussac
et croyance - La peur se vend bien
redoutable vaccin anti-grippe, Dr M.H.Groussac
Dossier Noir du Vaccin contre l’Hépatite B, mensonge d'Etat
?, de Lucienne Foucras
HEPATITE B : Détonateur des effets du nuage de Tchernobyl ,
Dr M.H. Groussac
des vaccins et des OGM, Dr M.H. Groussac
et ostéoporose, Dr. M.H.Groussac
10 plus gros mensonges sur les vaccins - Les dangers du vaccin anti-tétanos...,
CONTRE LA FIEVRE JAUNE par Dr Marie-Hélène Groussac
HB & OGM par Dr Marie-Hélène Groussac
l'eugénisme scientifique : contribution des noirs à l'humanité,
l'affaire Mailloux sur la prétendue infériorité innée
des noirs et des amérindiens, samedi 29 octobre, 15h au AM050 UQAM,
de Fehmiu by Michel Vienne (17/10/05, Le Devoir.com, Québec)
War against the Weak by
(1er Ch. de War against the weak) by Edwin Black (Comments
"When the sun breaks over Brush Mountain and its neighboring slopes
in southwestern Virginia, it paints a magical, almost iconic image of
America’s pastoral splendor. Yet there are many painful stories,
long unspoken, lurking in these gentle hills, especially along the hiking
paths and dirt roads that lead to shanties, cabins and other rustic encampments.
Decades later, some of the victims have been compelled to speak.
In the 1930s, the Brush Mountain hill folk,
like many of the clans scattered throughout the isolated Appalachian slopes,
lived in abject poverty. With little education, often without running
water or indoor plumbing, and possessing few amenities, they seemed beyond
the reach of social progress. Speaking with the indistinct drawls and
slurred vestigial accents that marked them as hillbillies, dressed in
rough-hewn clothing or hand-me-downs, and sometimes diseased or poorly
developed due to the long-term effects of squalor and malnutrition, they
were easy to despise. They were easily considered alien. Quite simply,
polite Virginia society considered them white trash.
Yet Brush Mountain people lived their own
vibrant rural highlands culture. They sang, played mountain instruments
with fiery virtuosity to toe-tapping rhythms, told and retold engaging
stories, danced jigs, sewed beautiful quilts and sturdy clothing, hunted
fox and deer, fished a pan full and fried it up. Most of all, they hoped
for better—better health, better jobs, better schooling, a better
life for their children. Hill people did produce great men and women who
would increasingly take their places in modern society. But hopes for
betterment often became irrelevant because these people inhabited a realm
outside the margins of America’s dream. As such, their lives became
a stopping place for America’s long biological nightmare..."
made eugenics famous but it took it from United States by Edwin Black
(Global News Service of The Jewish People)
le négationnisme s'invite à l'université, l'affaire
Alexis Carrel précurseur des chambres à gaz by Didier
Daeninckx (extrait du livre Ch.5, 10 chapitres en ligne)
Quelques théoriciens, sociologues, économistes
et psychologues néoeugénistes américains proches
des thèses néofascistes et néonazies sur les inégalités
raciales et l'égalitarisme
IQ will put you in your place by Charles Murray (AEI, Manhattan Institute/
Sunday Times, 1997)
" Imagine several hundred families which face few of the usual problems
that plague modern society. Unemployment is zero. Illegitimacy is zero.
Divorce is rare and occurs only after the children's most formative years.
Poverty is absent - indeed, none of the families is anywhere near the
poverty level. Many are affluent and all have enough income to live in
decent neighbourhoods with good schools and a low crime rate. If you have
the good fortune to come from such a background, you will expect a bright
future for your children. You will certainly have provided them with all
the advantages society has to offer. But suppose we follow the children
of these families into adulthood. How will they actually fare?
A few years ago the late Richard Herrnstein and I published a controversial
book about IQ, The Bell Curve, in which we said that much would depend
on IQ. On average, the bright children from such families will do well
in life - and the dull children will do poorly. Unemployment, poverty
and illegitimacy will be almost as great among the children from even
these fortunate families as they are in society at large - not quite as
great, because a positive family background does have some good effect,
but almost, because IQ is such an important factor.
"Nonsense!" said the critics. "Have the good luck to be
born to the privileged and the doors of life will open to you - including
doors that will let you get a good score in an IQ test. Have the bad luck
to be born to a single mother struggling on the dole and you will be held
down in many ways - including your IQ test score." The Bell Curve's
purported relationships between IQ and success are spurious, they insisted:
nurture trumps nature; environment matters more than upbringing..."
As the bell curves
by Charles Murray, Daniel Seligman (The National Review, 1997)
" Mr. Seligman is the author of A Question of Intelligence: The IQ
Debate in America. Mr. Murray is co-author of The Bell Curve.
DS: Three years after publication of The Bell Curve, I find myself endlessly
reading news stories about great national controversies in which all the
participants do their best to ignore the data you and Dick Herrnstein
laid on the table. Three recent examples:
1) the row over school vouchers, whose advocates (e.g., Bill Bennett in
the Wall Street Journal) endlessly take it for granted that poor performance
by students reflects only inadequacies by the teaching profession -- inadequacies
among the learners being a huge unmentionable;
2) the President's astounding proposal (never characterized as such) that
all American youngsters, including those with IQs at the left tail, should
have at least two years of college;
3) the expressions of surprise and rage when it turned out that, in the
absence of affirmative action, prestigious law schools would be admitting
hardly any black students. The participants in these controversies were
in no sense talking back to The Bell Curve. They were pretending its data
do not exist. What's your perspective?.."
The attack on the
bell curve by Richard Lynn (Personality and Individual Differences,
" It is doubtful whether any book in the entire history of psychology
has been so extensively attacked as The Bell Curve by the late Richard
Herrnstein and Charles Murray (1994). The book has been the subject of
several hundred critical reviews, a number of which have been collected
in edited volumes, some of whose very titles such as Measured Lies (Kincheloe,
Steinberg and Gresson, 1996) betray the emotional strength of the hostility
the book has evoked. However, many of the initial attacks on The Bell
Curve fell wide of the mark. Now we have two more serious books, both
of which examine the arguments of The Bell Curve and find then deficient.
They contain contributions from geneticists, psychologists, sociologists
and statisticians, and they attempt to refute all the essential arguments
made in The Bell Curve...."
de Charles MURRAY (2 nov. 2004) pour les 10 ans de "The Bell Curve"
Alarmants propos de Charles Murray , un entretien réalisé
le 2 novembre 2004 par Evopsy.org pour les dix ans de The Bell Curve.
Evopsy.org se range de toute évidence aux côtés du
"chercheur en sciences politiques le plus célèbre des
USA... W. H. Brady Fellow for Culture and Freedom de l'American Enterprise
Institute, think-tank d’importance internationale..."...
"(...) Charles Murray : Le sujet du livre est précisé
par son sous-titre : "Intelligence et structure des classes
dans la vie américaine". La thèse de TBC est qu’au
cours du XX° siècle, le QI est devenu un facteur beaucoup plus
déterminant du succès économique et social. Une des
conséquences principales de cette évolution a été
le développement de ce que nous appellons "l’élite
cognitive" -- des gens qui s’associent principalement entre
eux, qui dès l’école s’éloignent du contact
social avec la plus grande partie du reste de la société,
et qui contrôlent de plus en plus la vie de la société.
Nous y discutons aussi des nombreux domaines où il est maintenant
plus difficile d’être une personne à bas QI -- en partie
parce que la force physique n’offre plus la même valeur sur
le marché du travail, mais aussi parce que l’élite
cognitive a créé un monde extrêmement complexe, naturel
pour eux, mais où il est très difficile de vivre si vous
n’êtes pas très intelligent. Les approches sophistiquées
de l’éthique situationnelle que l’élite cognitive
trouvent si attirantes en sont un exemple. Il est beaucoup plus facile
pour quelqu’un à faible intelligence de vivre une vie morale
dans une société qui est fondée sur "Tu ne voleras
pas" que dans une fondée sur "Tu ne voleras pas sauf
si tu as une vraiment bonne raison". Les élites cognitives
méprisent le simple et adorent le complexe (regardez le style de
la prose des intellectuels français par exemple)...
(...) Une nouvelle idée qui m’a été suggérée
il y a quelques mois : l’élite cognitive est transnationale.
Par exemple, l’élite cognitive française se sent plus
de points communs avec les membres des élites cognitives italiennes
et allemandes qu’avec par exemple les routiers et les boulangers.
Non* ?..." (A lire dans son intégralité)
and collective fraud by Linda S. Gottfredson (Society, 1994)
"Social science today condones and perpetuates a great falsehood
- one that undergirds much current social policy. This falsehood, or "egalitarian
fiction," holds that racial-ethnic groups never differ in average
developed intelligence (or, in technical terms, g, the general mental
ability factor). While scientists have not yet determined their source,
the existence of sometimes large group differences in intelligence is
as well-established as any fact in the social sciences. How and why then
is this falsehood perpetrated on the public? What part do social scientists
themselves play, deliberately or inadvertently, in creating and maintaining
it? Are some of them involved in what might be termed "collective
fraud?" Intellectual dishonesty among scientists and scholars is,
of course, nothing new. But watchdogs of scientific integrity have traditionally
focused on dishonesty of individual scientists, while giving little attention
to the ways in which collectivities of scientists, each knowingly shaving
or shading the truth in small but similar ways, have perpetuated frauds
on the scientific community and the public at large..."
for a new eugenics by Glayde Whitney (Galton Institute Conference,
Man and Society in the new millennium,1997)
"The first century or two of the new millennium will almost certainly
be a golden age for eugenics. Through application of new genetic knowledge
and reproductive technologies the Galtonian Revolution will come to fruition.
This new revolution in the new millennium, which I call the Galtonian
Revolution (Whitney, 1995; 1997a) will be more momentous for the future
of mankind than was the Copernican Revolution or the Darwinian Revolution.
For with the Galtonian Revolution, for the first time, the major changes
will not be to ideas alone, but rather the major change will be to mankind
In order to briefly discuss some of the reproductive technology that will
contribute to the new eugenics, I need first to define the term "eugenics".
So many different people with so many different agendas have appropriated
this neat word, coined by Sir Francis Galton in 1883, that the word by
itself can stand for almost anything (Whitney, 1990). Surely to some eugenics
is a route to prevention rather than mere treatment of the ills of humanity.
Also a path to the greatest good for the greatest number. To others eugenics
is a new blasphemy, a devil-word; a term of hate and abhorrence, a term
that in word associations is supposed to be linked with Hitler, Holocaust,
genocide and the murder of innocents..."
Eugenics : economics
for the long run by Edward M.Miller (Research in biopolitics, 1997)
" There is a simple economic argument for eugenics. Eugenics is defined
as efforts to improve the gene pool in a particular population. Standard
micro-economic theories of wages hold that a worker's wage equals the
marginal product of his working time. Much textbook discussion of his
marginal product focus on the quantities of cooperating factors: capital,
land, and natural resources which labor has to work with. However, another
important determinant is the worker's attributes and abilities. There
is evidence that these are strongly affect by his genes (see below). It
follows that efforts to maximize a nation's standard of living should
try to improve its citizens' genetic quality, especially with regard to
intelligence and other economically important traits. Improving the genetic
quality of citizens calls for having those carrying the genes for desirable
traits (as evidenced by their possession of the traits themselves) producing
more than their proportionate share of that nation's children..."
wealth and intelligence by Edward M.Miller (à propos de IQ
and the Wealth Nations de Richard Lynn and Tatu Vanhanen)
" The thesis of Richard Lynn and Tatu Vanhanen’ IQ and the
Wealth of Nations is that differences between nations in income are basically
due to differences in their populations’ intelligence. Countries
with more intelligent populations are better able to master complex modern
technologies and hence enjoy higher standards of living. While this
theory has probably occurred to others, this is the first time it has
been rigorously developed and put to a quantitative test.
The heart of the book is the demonstration that national IQ and national
incomes are correlated. Lynn is well suited for this exercise because
he is probably the leading expert on international comparisons of IQ.
In the course of other work, he has accumulated a massive database of
studies in which IQ tests were given in different countries. Because
there are different tests, scored in various ways, an appreciable amount
of work had to be done to make all of the scores compatible.
Since test scores appear to be increasing over time (for reasons that
are unknown, although Lynn has speculated that improved nutrition is a
major part of the explanation), scores had to be adjusted to provide for
this factor as well. A natural question is whether it is even meaningful
to talk about an average national IQ. By comparing cases in which
a minimum of two tests had been given in the same nation, Lynn demonstrates
that similar scores were achieved, thus showing that the reliability is
sufficient to make international comparisons..."
rollback of South Africa's chemical and biological warfare program
by Dr.Stephen F.Burgess, Dr.Helen E.Purkitt, Ch.3 "Project Coast"
(1981-1993)/USAF Counterproliferation center/Air War College (Avril 2001)
The Government's Dirty Little Secrets by Alexander Cockburn (Los Angeles
Times, Commentary, 1998)
"The dirtiest secrets of South Africa's apartheid regime are now
spilling out in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings in Cape
Town. It's a pity that the chilling stories haven't made much of a commotion
in the United States, whose own intelligence agencies have traveled along
the same path. In 1997, press reports detailed a South African agent's
description of drug smuggling to raise money for terrorist schemes, including
chemical experimentation on blacks. He said he had done this on behalf
of the Directorate of Covert Collections, a super-secret unit within South
Africa's military intelligence apparatus. The drugs - ecstasy and mandrax
- were manufactured in labs run by Wouter Basson, one of the chieftains
of South Africa's chemical and biological weapons program. Basson was
arrested in 1997.
Hearings this month (June, 1998) at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
offered vivid insights of what went on at Roodeplaat Research Laboratories,
a military installation where Basson oversaw production of infamous materials.
Dr. Schalk van Rensburg testified that "the most frequent instruction"
from Basson was for development of a compound that would kill but make
the cause of death seemingly natural. "That was the chief aim of
the Roodeplaat Research Laboratory..."
RIGHT LIVELIHOOD AWARD (Prix Nobel alternatif)
for Nuclear Responsibility /Regroupement de surveillance du nucléaire
Gulf war syndrome, depleted
uranium and the dangers of low-level radiation by Rosalie
"...In the official approach to radiobiology, only direct damage
to DNA has been recognized as "of concern," and only high dose/fast-dose
rate experiments or observations have been accepted for use in estimating
the dose-response rate. As was noted, it is the "common wisdom"
that effects of low doses/slow- dose rates cannot be studied, but must
be extrapolated from the officially accepted high dose/fast-dose rate
studies. This approach is rejected by the work of Dr. Burlakova, and the
other research noted below.
Basing one's theory on claims that is impossible to study the phenomenon
is certainly a peculiar way to do science! This myth has now been clearly
shown to have been rash and criminally negligent.
Unfortunately, the Desert Storm veterans were victims of one of the latest
military experiments on human beings. The people of Iraq and Kuwait were
also the victims of this misguided experiment. I believe that the ignorance
was culpable and criminal..."
that Bush does not want you to see (effets de l'uranium
appauvri à usage militaire sur les naissances en Irak)
guide by Dr.Gordon Edwards et al.
"A.1. What is uranium?
Uranium is the heaviest metal that occurs in nature. It is an unstable
material which gradually breaks apart or "decays" at the atomic
level, as described in the next section. Any such material is said to
As uranium slowly decays, it gives off invisible bursts of penetrating
energy called "atomic radiation". It also produces more than
a dozen other radioactive substances as by-products.
These unstable by-products, having little or no commercial value, are
called "uranium decay products". They are discarded as waste
when uranium is mined. One of them is a toxic radioactive gas called radon.
The others are radioactive solids..."
Uranium sub-directory, radioactive tailings and uranium mining by
Dr.Gordon Edwards et al.
" At the dawn of the nuclear age, Paul Baton and more than 30 Dene
hunters and trappers innocently called uranium "the money rock."
Paid $3 a day by their white employers, the Dene hauled and ferried burlap
sacks of the grimy ore from the world's first uranium mine at Port Radium,
across the Northwest Territories to Fort McMurray.
Since then, at least 14 Dene who worked at the mine between 1942 and 1960
have died of lung, colon and kidney cancers, according to documents obtained
through the N.W.T. Cancer Registry.
The Port Radium mine supplied the uranium to fuel the $2-billion effort
to make the first atomic bombs.
"Before the mine, you never heard of cancer," said Baton, 83.
"Now, lots of people have died of cancer."
Charged Cindy Gilday, chairwoman of the Deline's Uranium Committee: "In
my mind it's a war crime that has been well hidden. The Dene were the
first civilian victims of the war and are the last to be addressed."
The Dene, who say they were never told of uranium's hazards, will decide
next weekend whether to sue or seek a settlement with the federal government.
Declassified U.S. documents show that the U.S. government, which was the
buyer, and Ottawa, then the world's largest supplier, withheld health
and safety information from miners, as well as natives.
Robie Chatterjee, head of health physics and risk with the Atomic Energy
Control Board, responded to the news of the high incidence of cancers
among the Dene by saying: "We were not aware of this (the cancers).
It definitely deserves more investigation..."
"Uranium is a naturally occurring radioactive metal. It has two principal
uses: nuclear bombs and nuclear electricity generation. These uses are
not mutually exclusive. In recent years, uranium has also been used as
armour for tanks, bullets and artillery shells.
Canada was the first country to mine uranium. The world's first uranium
mine was at Port Radium, NWT, on the shore of Great Bear Lake. Canada
was also the first country to refine uranium on an industrial scale. Uranium
for the World War II Atomic Bomb Project was processed in secrecy at Port
Much of the uranium for the Cold War nuclear arms race came from Canada:
Port Radium and Rayrock, NWT; Uranium City, Saskatchewan; Bancroft and
Elliot Lake, Ontario. By 1960 the American military contracts had been
terminated. All uranium mined in Canada since 1965 has been sold for reactor
Canadian uranium miners have died from lung cancer at a rate many times
higher than non-miners. Ottawa knew of the health dangers of uranium and
radium as early as 1932, but did not begin to inform workers or compensate
their widows until 1973. An epidemic of cancer deaths among men of the
Sahtu-Dene tribe from Deline, NWT, who carried sacks of radioactive concentrates
on their backs for decades, is currently under investigation by authorities.
Canada remains the world's largest producer and exporter of uranium. Since
the mines at Uranium City and Elliot Lake have been closed, all Canadian
uranium now comes from rich deposits located in the Athabasca Basin of
Canada exports uranium all over the world. Major buyers have been the
U.S., Japan, Germany, France, Sweden, and Spain. Less than twenty percent
of Canada's uranium is used domestically.
Countries buying Canadian uranium must promise not to use it for weapons.
But there is evidence that some of this uranium still finds its way into
the plutonium connection, nuclear weapons by CCNR
""Plutonium, Proliferation and Policy" :
• There is an old notion, recently revived in certain quarters,
that so-called 'reactor-grade' plutonium [ produced by the
normal operation of power reactors ] is not suitable to the
manufacture of nuclear weapons.
The floating of this idea is perhaps a natural move by those who want
to exclude plutonium from strict controls. The obvious intention here
is to create the impression that there is nothing to fear from separated
plutonium derived from commercial power plants. This is not true.
• As far as reactor-grade plutonium is concerned, the fact is that
it is possible to use this material for nuclear warheads at all levels
of technical sophistication. . . . Whatever we might once have thought,
we now know that even simple designs, albeit with some uncertainties in
yield, can serve as effective, highly powerful weapons -- reliably in
the kiloton range.
• It was too long before we perceived the dangerous implications
of our various overseas customers' moves towards domestic reprocessing
and national stockpiling of plutonium extracted from spent reactor fuel.
And we might not have seen it yet had the Indian explosion [ of
1974 ] not compelled the public to peer into the private world
of the small nuclear export bureaucracy. For twenty years it had been
freewheeling through the domains of diplomacy and international commerce
-- out of public view, and under the protection of a myopic Atomic Energy
Commission and its own congressional committee. These nuclear technocrats
took as their text Atoms for Peace and as their authority the 1954 Atomic
Energy Act's mandate to encourage the development of nuclear power. They
dispensed their technological largesse worldwide, secure in the knowledge
they were carrying out the policies of the United States.
• In assessing the dangers associated with possible misuse of plutonium
or highly enriched uranium, we were influenced in the early days by the
assumption that nuclear weapons and development required long and costly
programs and that even separated plutonium or highly enriched uranium
could not easily or rapidly be turned into military explosives.
This led to other careless assumptions: for example, that the technique
of reactor safeguarding already in place -- inspections and audits --
would be adequate to provide the vital early warning of illicit attempts
to divert separated plutonium, when it eventually began to accumulate
in stockpiles; and also, that warning well in advance of illicit bomb
fabrication was perhaps not really essential.
• These miscalculations, combined with the fact that the problem
was not an immediate one, are the key to difficulties we are now experiencing
in curbing further proliferation. . . . In following this course we have
finally arrived at a situation in which a country can come arbitrarily
close to going nuclear [ i.e. developing nuclear weapons ]
with our materials without violating any agreements.
• These are the consequences of taking for granted the future utilization
of plutonium and regarding reprocessing as a perfectly legitimate commercial
activity, and also of taking for granted the efficacy of 'safeguarding'.
While it is a cliché of the inspection trade that diversion cannot
be prevented by inspection safeguards, there is nevertheless a general
human tendency to relax and assume protection once they are in place.
Calling the inspections 'safeguards' contributes to this illusion."
(World Wide Web)
"A forum for controversy and debate" be diverse and "provide a
voice for groups that may otherwise be unheard".
Third World Network
Independent non-profit international network of organizations.
Free Speech TV
the World Can Help Americans Halt Bush Administration War Crimes
"As the rest of the world faces an aggressive, unilateralist superpower
with apparent contempt for international law and the "decent opinion
of mankind," two responses come naturally. One is appeasement: trying
to moderate U.S. aggressiveness through concession. The other is anti-Americanism:
bashing the United States as uniquely the source of the world's evil.
Is there a better alternative?
The rest of the world can have a huge impact on American political dynamics
if it can communicate simultaneously a rejection of the policies of the
American government and a desire to work with the American people to build
a better, safer world.
U.S. war crimes provide an opportunity for classic America-bashing. Indeed,
such a response plays right into the hands of the Bush administration,
which is always trying to persuade Americans that the rest of the world
hates us and that only a militarized response will make us safe. But the
war crimes issue also provides an opportunity to reach out to the American
people and support them in bringing their government under control and
building a more constructive—and safer—relationship with the
rest of the world..."
& Fractal (jp)
personnal site of Paul Bourke
::::: What is a fractal? B. Mandelbrot ---
A rough or fragmented geometric shape that can be subdivided in parts,
each of which is (at least approximately) a reduced/size copy of the whole.
Magazine & Z Net (ca)
Tribunal on Iraq
US War Resisters in Canada
Unwaged Caring Work By Cory Fischer-Hoffman
"A delegation of 70 women from the Global Women’s Strike, an
organization formed to win economic and social recognition for unwaged
caring work, stood together in the community of La Padera, Venezuela,
awaiting news. Global Women’s Strike member Juanita Romero explained
that President Hugo Chávez had just announced what we had all been
waiting for: implementation of Article 88 of Venezuela’s Bolivarian
Article 88 in the Bolivarian Constitution declares: “The State guarantees
equality and equity between men and women in the exercise of their right
to work. The State recognizes work in the home as an economic activity
that creates added values and produces social welfare and wealth. Housewives
are entitled to Social Security...”
with the "Red Devils" in Nepal By Jason Andrews
"On February 13, 1996 a small band of communist rebels, modeling
themselves after the Chinese revolutionary leader Mao, attacked police
posts in two remote districts in the western part of Nepal, inaugurating
a People’s War in the only Hindu kingdom in the world. At the time,
they were dismissed by the government as an irrelevant, minor disturbance,
the home minister remarking, “I am confident that we will be able
to bring the present activities under control within four to five days.”
A slight miscalculation, it now appears.
February marked the tenth anniversary of the Maoists’ war in Nepal,
a conflict that has claimed more than 13,000 lives, shattered a fragile
rural infrastructure, halted development, and grown to dominate the consciousness
of the country’s 26 million inhabitants who live precariously lodged
between an armed and undisciplined militia and a repressive army that
rarely pauses to distinguish between rebels and civilians..."
HOWARD ZINN on Democracy Now! (Texts & Radios)
special hour-long conversation : "To be neutral, to be passive in
a situation is to collaborate with whatever is going on" (27/04/05)
"AMY GOODMAN: He is an historian and author of one of the
most popular books on American history, A People's History of the United
States. But before we go to him, we're turning to an excerpt of a new
film that chronicles his life. It's titled, You Can't Be Neutral on a
Moving Train, which is also the title of his autobiography. The film is
produced by First Run Features. It's narrated by Howard Zinn’s next
door neighbor, actor Matt Damon.
HOWARD ZINN: We grow up in a controlled society. And so we thought,
if one person kills another person, that is murder. But if the government
kills 100,000 persons, that is patriotism. And they’ll say we’re
disturbing the peace, but there is no peace. What really bothers them
is that we’re disturbing the war.
MATT DAMON: [from The Zinn Reader]I start from the supposition
that the world is topsy turvy, that things are all wrong, that the wrong
people are in jail, and the wrong people are out of jail, that the wrong
people are in power, and the wrong people are out of power. I start from
the supposition that we don't have to say too much about this, because
all we have to do is think about the state of the world today and realize
that things are all upside-down.
HOWARD ZINN: History is important. If you don't know history,
it's as if you were born yesterday. And if you were born yesterday, anybody
up there in a position of power can tell you anything, and you have no
way of checking up on it..."
represents everything that Martin Luther King opposed" (20/01/05)
"HOWARD ZINN: It's interesting that the inauguration should come
a few days after the celebration of Martin Luther King's birthday, because
here we have Bush being inaugurated as President after the -- all of the
hypocritical statements made on Martin Luther King's birthday by our leading
politicians, and who talk sort of very rhapsodically about Martin Luther
King, but absolutely really taking what he stands for and pushing it aside,
because Bush represents everything that Martin Luther King opposed. I
mean, King spoke against the Vietnam War. He had a famous speech at Riverside
church in 1967. Here we are inaugurated a President who has given us two
wars in his first term, and is probably planning more wars. Here is King
who stood for non-violence, and here is Bush, who represents the most
violent nation in history, and -- well, King himself called the United
States at that time in Vietnam, you know, the greatest purveyor of violence
in the world. What he said in 1967 certainly applies to the United States
today. And I think that the spirit of King, the spirit of opposing war,
standing for non-violence, is something that animates the people who are
demonstrating against Bush today in Washington, and in San Francisco and
in New Orleans, and in New York and Boston. Well, as you pointed out in
Boulder, Colorado, and I am sure in hundreds of places in this country.
And I would guess that people around the world -- well, it's more than
a guess. We have the evidence that all over the world, people -- people
are mourning the ascension of Bush to his second term as President. That
it’s hopeful that we have sort of a worldwide movement that is determined
not to -- to put an end to war and create a different kind of world. I
think that's something to feel encouraged about, even as all of this pomp
and circumstance of the inauguration goes on..."
non-violence: remembering Dave Dellinger (1915-2004) (27/05/04)
day special : Howard Zinn on occupied Iraq, the role of resistance movements,
government lies and the média (1/9/03)
day special : a dramatic reading of "A people's history of the United
States" with James Earl Jones, Alfre Woodard, Kurt Vonnegut, Danny
Glover, Harris Yulin (4/7/03)
Zinn and Arundhati Roy : a conversation between two leading social critics
most important message I want to convey is that you don't depend on the
authorities, the people in power to solve problems (25/2/03)
history review of the 20th century:Manning Marable and Howard Zinn
seems to me : Essays from The Progressive Magazine
Optimism of Uncertainty
"In this awful world where the efforts of caring people often pale
in comparison to what is done by those who have power, how do I manage
to stay involved and seemingly happy?
I am totally confident not that the world will get better, but that we
should not give up the game before all the cards have been played.
The metaphor is deliberate; life is a gamble. Not to play is to foreclose
any chance of winning. To play, to act, is to create at least a possibility
of changing the world.
There is a tendency to think that what we see in the present moment will
continue. We forget how often we have been astonished by the sudden crumbling
of institutions, by extraordinary changes in people's thoughts, by unexpected
eruptions of rebellion against tyrannies, by the quick collapse of systems
of power that seemed invincible..."
In the Mainstream Press
Path to Death Chamber by Howard Zinn
"NOW THAT Timothy McVeigh has been put to death, and some people's
need for revenge or punishment may be satisfied, we can begin to think
calmly of how he learned his twisted sense of right and wrong from the
government that executed him.
No one with an ounce of moral understanding can justify the bombing of
a building that resulted in the deaths of 168 people. But McVeigh didn't
have to look far to find that the United States government had done just
that, but on a larger scale.
In the war against Iraq, of which McVeigh was a decorated veteran, on
Feb. 15, 1991, the US Air Force dropped a bomb on an air raid shelter
in Bagdad, killing more than 600 people, many of them women and children.
There had been many bombings, of buses, trains, highways, hospitals, neighborhoods,
in which civilians were killed, and where the government described them
Seven Stories Press
- selected books
of a people's history of the United States
“When I began work, five years ago, on what would become the present
volume, Voices of a People’s History of the United States, I wanted
the voices of struggle, mostly absent from our history books, to be given
the place they deserve. I wanted labor history, which has been the battleground,
decade after decade, century after century, of an ongoing fight for human
dignity, to come to the fore. And I wanted my readers to experience how
at key moments in our history some of the bravest and most effective political
acts were the sounds of the human voice itself.
“To omit or to minimize these voices of resistance is to create
the idea that power only rests with those who have the guns, who possess
the wealth, who own the newspapers and the television stations. I want
to point out that people who seem to have no power, whether working people,
people of color, or women—once they organize and protest and create
movements—have a voice no government can suppress...”
Zinn reader, writings on disobedience and democracy
"-The hard fact of racism, in the South and in the North, at the
start of the civil rights movement;
- Zinn on LaGuardia, the Ludlow Massacre, and "Growing Up Class-Conscious";
- Questioning the very idea of a "just war";
- LBJ, the CIA, Nixon, and the bombing of Hiroshima;
- Civil disobedience and the role of punishment in our society;
- On Upton Sinclair, Sacco and Vanzetti, and "Where to Look for a
- Why historians don't have to be "objective" and how the power
of the academy is wasted;
- On anarchism, violence, and human nature, and "The Spirit of Rebellion."
and war, H.Z & Anthony Arnove
"In Terrorism and War Zinn explores the growth of the American empire,
as well as the long tradition of resistance in this country to U.S. militarism,
from Eugene Debs and the Socialist Party during World War One to the opponents
of U.S. military intervention in Afghanistan today..."
in time of war
"Political power," says Howard Zinn, "is controlled by
the corporate elite, and the arts are the locale for a kind of guerilla
warfare in the sense that guerillas look for apertures and opportunities
where they can have an effect." In his new book, "Artists in
Times of War," Zinn looks at the possibilities to create such apertures
through art, film, activism, publishing and through our everyday lives..."
Zinn on History
"Some of the essays to be included in Howard Zinn on History:
- Where to Look for a Communist
- The Problem is Civil Obedience
- Columbus and Western Civilization
- Historian as Citizen
- The New History
- "A University Should Not Be a Democracy"
- How Free is Higher Education? and
- "Je Ne Suis Pas Marxiste."
Howard Zinn page,
extraits de ses principaux ouvrages en ligne by Third World Traveler
people's history of the United States
"The Indians, Columbus reported, "are so naive and so free with
their possessions that no one who has not witnessed them would believe
it. When you ask for something they have, they never say no. To the contrary,
they offer to share with anyone...." He concluded his report by asking
for a little help from their Majesties, and in return he would bring them
from his next voyage "as much gold as they need . . . and as many
slaves as they ask." He was full of religious talk: "Thus the
eternal God, our Lord, gives victory to those who follow His way over
Because of Columbus's exaggerated report and promises, his second expedition
was given seventeen ships and more than twelve hundred men. The aim was
clear: slaves and gold. They went from island to island in the Caribbean,
taking Indians as captives. But as word spread of the Europeans' intent
they found more and more empty villages. On Haiti, they found that the
sailors left behind at Fort Navidad had been killed in a battle with the
Indians, after they had roamed the island in gangs looking for gold, taking
women and children as slaves for sex and labor.
Now, from his base on Haiti, Columbus sent expedition after expedition
into the interior. They found no gold fields, but had to fill up the ships
returning to Spain with some kind of dividend. In the year 1495, they
went on a great slave raid, rounded up fifteen hundred Arawak men, women,
and children, put them in pens guarded by Spaniards and dogs, then picked
the five hundred best specimens to load onto ships. Of those five hundred,
two hundred died en route. The rest arrived alive in Spain and were put
up for sale by the archdeacon of the town, who reported that, although
the slaves were "naked as the day they were born," they showed
"no more embarrassment than animals." Columbus later wrote:
"Let us in the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the slaves
that can be sold..."
The CIA, it is generally understood by now (1996), has a long and dirty
record of violating, again and again, norms of moral behavior: overthrowing
governments, installing military dictatorships, planning the assassinations
of foreign leaders, spying on American citizens, interfering in foreign
elections, causing the deaths of large numbers of innocent people. In
1975, at the end of the Vietnam War, some of its activities were just
coming to the fore, and to quiet further inquiry an investigating commission
was set up under Nelson Rockefeller. When the commission released its
report, I wrote a column 'June 7, 1975) for the Boston Globe.
"Rockefeller Inquiry Clears CIA of Major Violations" was
the headline in the New York Times. Now we can relax. Except for one troubling
question: who will clear Rockefeller?
All these fellows go around clearing one another. It seems that only at
the top levels of government is serious attention paid to the principle
that criminals should be tried by juries of their peers. What would be
the public reaction to the headline: "Boston Strangler Clears Cambridge
Mugger"? Is that more shocking than: "Attica Massacre Chief
Clears Assassination Plotters"?
Rockefeller was the perfect choice to head a commission investigating
the CIA. Questioned during his nomination hearing last fall by Sen. Hatfield:
"Do you believe that the Central Intelligence Agency should ever
actively participate in the internal affairs of another sovereign country,
such as in the case of Chile?" Rockefeller replied, "I assume
they were done in the best national interest." According to CIA head
William Colby's testimony, the CIA tried-with $8 million-to change the
election results in Chile when it seemed a Marxist, Allende, would win.
American corporations didn't like Allende because he stood for nationalization
of Anaconda Copper and other businesses. Anaconda Copper owed a quarter
of a billion dollars to a group of banks led by Chase Manhattan, whose
chairman is David Rockefeller, Nelson's brother. Now we are catching on
to the meaning of "national interest..."
"[Henry] Kissinger, secretary of state to Nixon, ... surrendered
himself with ease to the princes of war and destruction. In private discussions
with old colleagues from Harvard who thought the Vietnam War immoral,
he presented himself as someone trying to bring it to an end, but in his
official capacity he was the willing intellectual tool of a policy that
involved the massive killing of civilians in Vietnam.
Kissinger approved the bombing and invasion of Cambodia, an act so disruptive
of the delicate Cambodian society that it can be considered an important
factor in the rise of the murderous Pol Pot regime in the country. After
he and the representatives of North Vietnam had negotiated a peace agreement
to end the war in late 1972, he approved the breaking off of the talks
and the brutal bombardment of residential districts in Hanoi by the most
ferocious bombing plane of the time, the B-52.
[Henry] Kissinger's biographers describe his role [in the bombing of Cambodia]:
"If he had disapproved of Nixon's policy, he could have argued against
the Cambodian attack. But there is no sign that he ever mustered his considerable
influence to persuade the President to hold his fire. Or that he ever
considered resigning in protest. Quite the contrary, Kissinger supported
Zinn on history
"What of revolution? Here the balance of achievement and cost is
less haphazard, though still far from rational. The four great revolutions
of modern times (the American, the French, the Russian and the Chinese)
though all erratic in their movement towards social progress, in the end,
I believe, justified the relatively small amount of violence required
to fulfill them. But today, can we still look to revolutions as the chief
means of social change, and as a useful means, whereby great change can
be achieved at relatively small cost?
In some exceptional instances, yes. But, as a general rule, it seems to
me that the conditions of the contemporary world have removed the feasibility
of revolutions in the old sense. There are several reasons for this. One
is that the power of weapons in the hands of the ruling elite makes popular
uprisings, however great is the base of support, a very dubious undertaking.
The other consideration, and probably more important, is that revolutions
like wars no longer can be contained. They almost always involve one or
more of the great nations of the world, and are either crushed by an outside
power (as were the Hungarians in their revolt) or are prolonged to the
point of frightful massacre (as the revolt in Viet Nam was met by the
intervention of the French and then the Americans, and as the revolt in
the Congo was stymied by Belgians and other forces). The Cuban revolution
was an oddity; it was able to subsist because it brought into the picture
not one but both the two leading world powers. There, even in success
we can see the perils posed by revolution in the contemporary world, for
the Cuban missile crisis almost set off a global disaster...
We need apparently some technique which is more energetic than parliamentary
reform and yet not subject to the dangers which war and revolution pose
in the atomic age...
This technique, I suggest, is that which has been used over the centuries
by aggrieved groups in fitful, semi-conscious control of their own actions.
With the Negro revolt in America, the technique has begun to take on the
quality of a deliberate use of power to effect the most change with the
least harm. I speak of non-violent direct action. This encompasses a great
variety of methods, limited only by our imaginations: sit-ins, freedom
rides and freedom walks, prayer pilgrimages, wade-ins, pray-ins, freedom
ballots, freedom schools, and who knows what is on the horizon? Whatever
the specific form, this technique has certain qualities: it disturbs the
status quo, it intrudes on the complacency of the majority, it expresses
the anger and the hurt of the aggrieved, it publicizes an injustice, it
demonstrates the inadequacy of whatever reforms have been instituted up
to that point, it creates tension and trouble and thus forces the holders
of power to move faster than they otherwise would have to redress grievances...
Zinn on war
"I would suggest another way of looking at the facts: that there
is a similar principle, operating in domestic affairs and foreign affairs-for
presumably liberal states as for other kinds of states: that in a world
which has not yet developed either the mind or the mechanism for humane
cooperation, power and privilege tend to be as rapacious as the degree
of resistance by the victims will permit. That aggression at home is more
disguised, more sporadic, more controlled than aggression abroad, comes
from the development of countervailing forces at home, while those abroad
have usually been helpless before the marauding foreign power. Where internal
groups have been similarly helpless they have been treated as ruthlessly
as enemies in wartime: the blacks, the Indians, the workingmen before
they organized, the students when they dared to challenge authority..."
" If people knew some history, if teachers gave them history, if
the media gave people history, if anyone with power over communications
networks gave them some history, they might recognize in this rush to
war the same subservience as we have seen in the past. When Bush went
to Congress after September 11, everyone there acted as if there were
no need to think and to ask questions about what we should do. They voted
unanimously in the Senate and almost unanimously in the House of Representatives.
There was only one dissenting vote. When I heard that, I thought that
dissenting vote must have been Bernie Sanders, the Independent from Vermont,
but it wasn't. It was Barbara Lee from California.
So, history can be useful. It can tell you something about government,
about lies and deception. If people knew that history, they wouldn't just
sit and listen to Bush and be impressed that he knows how to read.
If we don't know that history, we won't understand how much animosity
we have engendered elsewhere in the world-not just in the Middle East
but all over the world. (In its foreign policy, the United States has
consigned several million people to their deaths and supported terrorist
| governments in various parts of the world, especially in `< Latin
America and the Middle East.
If we don't have any history, we'll live our lives believing what we're
taught in school, that America is a beacon I for democracy and freedom
in the world. We'll think that we've been the Boy Scouts of the world,
helping countries across the street..."
of a people's history of the United States
"The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee assumes its right
to dissent with United States foreign policy on any issue, and states
its opposition to Untied States involvement in Vietnam on these grounds:
We believe the United States government has been deceptive in claims of
concern for the freedom of the Vietnamese people, just as the government
has been deceptive in claiming concern for the freedom of colored people
in such other countries as the Dominican Republic, the Congo, South Africa,
Rhodesia, and in the United States itself.
We, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, have been involved
in the black people's struggle for liberation and self-determination in
this country for the past five years. Our work, particularly in the South,
taught us that the United States government has never guaranteed the freedom
of oppressed citizens and is not yet truly determined to end the rule
of terror and oppression within its own borders.
We ourselves have often been victims of violence and confinement executed
by U.S. government officials. We recall the numerous persons who have
been murdered in the South because of their efforts to secure their civil
and human rights, and whose murderers have been allowed to escape penalty
for their crimes..."
de CHOMSKY en ligne
Profit over people,
Market Democracy in a Neoliberal Order:
Doctrines and Reality
"Freedom without opportunity is a devil's gift, and the refusal to
provide such opportunities is criminal. The fate of the more vulnerable
offers a sharp measure of the distance from here to something that might
be called ``civilization.'' While I am speaking, 1000 children will die
from easily preventable disease, and almost twice that many women will
die or suffer serious disability in pregnancy or childbirth for lack of
simple remedies and care. UNICEF estimates that to overcome such tragedies,
and to ensure universal access to basic social services, would require
a quarter of the annual military expenditures of the ``developing countries,''
about 10% of U.S. military spending. It is against the background of such
realities as these that any serious discussion of human freedom should
It is widely held that the cure for such profound social maladies is within
reach. The hopes have foundation. The past few years have seen the fall
of brutal tyrannies, the growth of scientific understanding that offers
great promise, and many other reasons to look forward to a brighter future.
The discourse of the privileged is marked by confidence and triumphalism:
the way forward is known, and there is no other. The basic theme, articulated
with force and clarity, is that ``America's victory in the Cold War was
a victory for a set of political and economic principles: democracy and
the free market.'' These principles are ``the wave of the future - a future
for which America is both the gatekeeper and the model...''
Secrets, Lies and Democracy, 1994
"At a conference in Washington DC, a woman in the audience got up
and decried the fact that you're in favor of nuclear power. Are you?
No. I don't think anybody's in favor of nuclear power, even business,
because it's too expensive. But what I am in favor of is being rational
on the topic. That means recognizing that the question of nuclear power
isn't a moral one -- it's a technical one. You have to ask what the consequences
of nuclear power are, versus the alternatives.
There's a range of other alternatives, including conservation, solar and
so on. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. But imagine that
the only alternatives were hydrocarbons and nuclear power. If you had
to have one or the other, you'd have to ask yourself which is more dangerous
to the environment, to human life, to human society. It's not an entirely
For example, suppose that fusion were a feasible alternative. It could
turn out to be nonpolluting. But there are also negative factors. Any
form of nuclear power involves quite serious problems of radioactive waste
disposal, and can also contribute to nuclear weapons proliferation. Fusion
would require a high degree of centralization of state power too.
On the other hand, the hydrocarbon industry, which is highly polluting,
also promotes centralization. The energy corporations are some of the
biggest in the world, and the Pentagon system is constructed to a significant
degree to maintain their power..."
Keeping the Rabble in line,
Crime and Gun Control
"DB: There's quite a bit of controversy on gun control. Advocates
of free access to arms cite the Second Amendment. Do you believe the Second
Amendment permits unrestricted, uncontrolled possession of guns?
What laws permit and don't permit is a question that doesn't have a straightforward
answer. Laws permit what the tenor of the times interprets them as permitting.
But underlying the controversy over guns are some serious questions. Literally,
the Second Amendment doesn't permit people to have guns. But laws are
never taken literally, including amendments to the Constitution or constitutional
Underlying the controversy is something which shouldn't be discounted.
There's a feeling in the country that people are under attack. I think
they're misidentifying the source of the attack, but they feel under attack.
Decades of intensive business propaganda have been designed to make them
see the government as the enemy, the government being the only power structure
in the system that is even partially accountable to the population, so
naturally you want to make that be the enemy, not the corporate system,
which is totally unaccountable. After decades of propaganda people feel
that the government is some kind of enemy and they have to defend themselves
from it. Many of those who advocate keeping guns have that in the back
of their minds. I wouldn't believe it if I hadn't heard it so many times.
That's a crazy response to a real problem.
DB: What role do the media play in fostering those attitudes?
At the deepest level, by contributing to this notion of getting the government
off our backs. It's not that that doesn't have its justifications, too.
The government is authoritarian and commonly a hostile structure for much
of the population, but it is partially accountable and potentially very
extensively accountable to the general population.
The media grossly mislead by contributing to the sense that the government
is the enemy and displacing real power from view, suppressing the sources
of real power in the society, which lie in the totalitarian institutions,
by now international in scale, that control the economy and much of social
life and in fact certainly set conditions within which government operates
and control it to a large extent. This happens sometimes in comical ways
and sometimes in deeper ways.
People simply have no awareness of the system of power under which they
are indeed suffering. As a result, as intended, they turn against the
government. People fear that they're overtaxed. By comparative standards
they're undertaxed. When people talk about a tax-based health plan, meaning
one that doesn't just soak the poor, like the Clinton plan is intended
to do, you get a reflex response: more pointy-headed bureaucrats stealing
our money and running our lives. On the other hand, payment of far higher
"taxes" -- regressive to boot -- to a far more bureaucratized
and oppressive insurance company that is completely unaccountable, that's
OK because you aren't supposed to see it.
To get back to gun control, people have all kinds of motivations, but
there is definitely a sector of the population that considers themselves
threatened by big forces, ranging from the Federal Reserve to the Council
on Foreign Relations to big government to who knows what and are calling
for guns to protect themselves..."
few and the restless many, 1993
The roots of racism
"That brings in the whole question of race and racism and how that
factored into the relationship between the North and the South.
There has always been racism. But it developed as a leading principle
of thought and perception in the context of colonialism. That's understandable.
When you have your boot on someone's neck, you have to justify it. The
justification has to be their depravity.
It's very striking to see this in the case of people who aren't very different
from one another. Take a look at the British conquest of Ireland, the
earliest of the Western colonial conquests. It was described in the same
terms as the conquest of Africa. The Irish were a different race. They
weren't human. They weren't like us. We had to crush and destroy them.
Some Marxists say racism is a product of the economic system, of capitalism.
Would you accept that?
No. It has to do with conquest, with oppression. If you're robbing somebody,
oppressing them, dictating their lives, it's a very rare person who can
say: "Look, I'm a monster. I'm doing this for my own good."
Even Himmler didn't say that.
A standard technique of belief formation goes along with oppression, whether
it's throwing them in gas chambers or charging them too much at a corner
store, or anything in between. The standard reaction is to say: "It's
their depravity. That's why I'm doing it. Maybe I'm even doing them good."
If it's their depravity, there's got to be something about them that makes
them different from me. What's different about them will be whatever you
A few months before the end of Year 500, the Times Book Review appeared
with a front-page headline reading: "You Can't Murder History."
The review-article dedicated to this lesson keeps to a single case: "History
in the old Soviet Union was like cancer in the human body, an invisible
presence whose existence is bravely denied but against which every conceivable
weapon is mobilized." It takes up one striking example of "this
disease within the Soviet body politic," the depiction of the murder
of the Tsar and his family, recalling "those all-powerful Soviet
officials whose job it was to suppress the public's memory of this grisly
episode," but who, in the end, "could not hold back the tide."1
These reflections did not touch upon a few other examples of murdering
history that might come to mind, particularly at this historical moment.
Convention has it that multiples of 10 provide the occasion to reflect
on the meaning of history and the questions it poses; and perhaps also
on the murder of history by its guardians, who, in every society, are
acutely sensitive to the faults of official enemies. The convention is
useful. By adopting it and examining some of the anniversaries that fall
within the 500th year, we can learn something about ourselves, in particular,
about the doctrinal foundations of Western culture, a topic of much importance,
given the resources of violence, coercion, and denial at its core..."
Sam really wants, 1992
Socialism, real and fake
"The world's two major propaganda systems did not agree on much,
but they did agree on using the term socialism to refer to the immediate
destruction of every element of socialism by the Bolsheviks. That's not
too surprising. The Bolsheviks called their system socialist so as to
exploit the moral prestige of socialism.
The West adopted the same usage for the opposite reason: to defame the
feared libertarian ideals by associating them with the Bolshevik dungeon,
to undermine the popular belief that there really might be progress towards
a more just society with democratic control over its basic institutions
and concern for human needs and rights.
If socialism is the tyranny of Lenin and Stalin, then sane people will
say: not for me. And if that's the only alternative to corporate state
capitalism, then many will submit to its authoritarian structures as the
only reasonable choice.
With the collapse of the Soviet system, there's an opportunity to revive
the lively and vigorous libertarian socialist thought that was not able
to withstand the doctrinal and repressive assaults of the major systems
of power. How large a hope that is, we cannot know. But at least one roadblock
has been removed. In that sense, the disappearance of the Soviet Union
is a small victory for socialism, much as the defeat of the fascist powers
"Our Traditional Values
The fundamental issue was clearly articulated by a distinguished Cambridge
University Professor of political theory:
Our traditions, fortunately, prove to have at their core universal values,
while theirs are sometimes hard to distinguish with the naked eye from
rampant (and heavily armed) nihilism. In the Persian Gulf today, President
Bush could hardly put it more bluntly...
One who fails to grasp this principle might find it hard to distinguish
Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait from many other crimes, some far worse
than his, that the West has readily tolerated, or supported, or perpetrated
directly, including one case only a few months before, with its lessons
about the New World Order.
Our traditions and the values at their core had long been evident in the
Gulf. Keeping just to Iraq, they were illustrated during the insurrection
of 1920 against British rule, one episode of "a contagion of unrest
afflicting the British Empire from Egypt to India."5 British sensibilities
were deeply offended by this rampant nihilism, a stab in the back at a
time when the empire had been weakened by the World War. Sir Arnold Wilson
fumed that "To kick a man when he is down is the most popular pastime
in the East, sanctioned by centuries of precept and practice." The
India office traced the Iraqi revolt to local "ultra-extremists,"
who desired the "abolition of European control of all sorts throughout
the East." Winston Churchill agreed, calling the revolt "only
part of a general agitation against the British empire and all it stands
Necessary illusions, 1989
Containing the Enemy
"In the first chapter, I mentioned three models of media organization:
(1) corporate oligopoly; (2) state-controlled; (3) a democratic communications
policy as advanced by the Brazilian bishops. The first model reduces democratic
participation in the media to zero, just as other corporations are, in
principle, exempt from popular control by work force or community. In
the case of state-controlled media, democratic participation might vary,
depending on how the political system functions; in practice, the state
media are generally kept in line by the forces that have the power to
dominate the state, and by an apparatus of cultural managers who cannot
stray far from the bounds these forces set. The third model is largely
untried in practice, just as a sociopolitical system with significant
popular engagement remains a concern for the future: a hope or a fear,
depending on one's evaluation of the right of the public to shape its
The model of media as corporate oligopoly is the natural system for capitalist
democracy. It has, accordingly, reached its highest form in the most advanced
of these societies, particularly the United States, where media concentration
is high, public radio and television are limited in scope, and elements
of the radical democratic model exist only at the margins, in such phenomena
as listener-supported community radio and the alternative or local press,
often with a noteworthy effect on the social and political culture and
the sense of empowerment in the communities that benefit from these options.1
In this respect, the United States represents the form towards which capitalist
democracy is tending; related tendencies include the progressive elimination
of unions and other popular organizations that interfere with private
power, an electoral system that is increasingly stage-managed as a public
relations exercise, avoidance of welfare measures such as national health
insurance that also impinge on the prerogatives of the privileged, and
so on. From this perspective, it is reasonable for Cyrus Vance and Henry
Kissinger to describe the United States as "a model democracy,"
democracy being understood as a system of business control of political
as well as other major institutions... "
"Human Rights" and american foreign policy,1978
"The two essays that follow are concerned with certain aspects of
this reconstruction of ideology within the United States. They are by
no means comprehensive. Thus, I have not dealt at all with one of the
most intriguing contemporary phenomena: the 'discovery' of Gulag and of
the deeply authoritarian character of Leninist state socialism and its
various offshoots, all familiar for many decades, both in gory detail
and in general character and historical background, to the libertarian
left, but now invoked by new enthusiasts as part of a post facto justification
for imperial aggression. One particular form taken by the new version
of imperial apologia, entirely predictable but none the less rather successful
in sowing confusion and rebuilding the faith, is the pretense that principled
opposition to American aggression throughout Indo-China was 'support for
Hanoi' so that this alleged commitment must be reassessed as the revolutionary
society develops, though in fact a moment's reflection suffices to establish
that opposition in principle to aggression is quite independent of any
assessment of the forces it attempted to crush or the society that may
develop from the wreckage. There are many other features of current ideology
that merit scrutiny beyond those that will be considered here.
In general, it seems fair to conclude that Western intelligentsia
continue, in significant measure, to exploit the substantial freedom that
they enjoy to construct the system of beliefs that is required to defend
privilege and power and to justify its exercise, as the poor and oppressed
of the world seek ways to take their future in their own hands..."
Amis du Monde Diplomatique
Les Amis du MONDE
(textes et comptes rendus très aimablement confiés par André
Voyager autrement : Tourisme équitable
La transformation des inégalites structurelles entre les pays,
surtout entre le nord et le sud, fait appel à des changements majeurs
des règles qui régissent (ou omettent de régir) les
échanges économiques. Mais en tant qu'acteurs locaux, il
nous est déjà possible d'adopter des pratiques qui améliorent
le degré de justice et de respect des transactions où nous
sommes impliqués. Avec l'hiver qui commence à nous envahir,
un certain nombre d'entre nous envisagent quelque vacance vers des climats
plus cléments. Mais à moindre distance, nous pouvons en
tout temps de l'année repenser à nos vacances précédentes,
prévoir celles de l'été prochain, et nous demander
jusqu'à quel point nous pouvons harmoniser nos préoccupations
sociales avec nos besoins de détente et de distractions. C'est
ce qu'explorera notre prochaine conférence/débat.
Louise Constantin & Marie-Andrée Delisle : le 15 nov.05
au Centre Afrika, 1644 Saint-Hubert Montréal (Mo Berri-UQAM)
? Technoscience du vivant, environnement et santé
& groupe de recherche Cinbiose (Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire
sur la biologie, la santé, la société et l'environement)
de l'UQAM en collaboration avec l'Institut des Sciences de l'environnement,
25 oct.05, au Grand Amphithéatre du Pavillon Sherbrooke
La responsabilité sociale des entreprises
et l'irresponsabilité de certaines firmes canadiennes dans l'hémisphère
Dans cet autre monde dont nous affirmons et revendiquons la possibilité...
il y aura encore de grandes entreprises, étant donné la
nature et les coûts de fabrication de certains produits. On est
nombreux à penser que le capitalisme tel qu'il existe, et son emprise
tyrannique sur la société, la politique et la culture, ne
sont pas éternels. Mais sur le chemin qui conduit au nouvel ordre
social que nous souhaitons, se produira-t-il une mutation progressive
des corporations ou si seule une crise apocalyptique peut générer
les changements requis ? Ceux qui misent sur la première possibilité
on développé le concept de la "responsabilité sociale
des entreprises". En quoi consiste-t-elle ? En existe-t-il des traces
dans le monde industriel présent ? Si oui, d'où viennent
les impulsions: du dedans ? des pressions de groupes de "stake holders"
? des contraintes étatiques ? de mobilisations populaires ? De
toutes façons, on est loin de cet idéal dans un très
grand nombre de cas, notamment en ce qui touche la conduite de certaines
entreprises canadiennes et états-uniennes dans l'hémisph└re
sud... et là encore, certaines mobilisations semblent autoriser
30 Centre Afrika, 1644 St-Hubert Montréal (M° Berri-UQAM)
Avec C.Gendron, F.Kayembe et M.Sansfaçon
Les milieux militants sont sur le qui vive quant aux tendances à
la privatisation des services publics à léchelle du
gouvernement québécois. Cependant, dans lensemble
des sociétés industrialisées, les instances municipales
sont particulièrement vulnérables à ces dérives.
ATTAC a obtenu une résolution de la Ville de Montréal par
laquelle cette dernière se soustrait à lAGCS. Sous
les pressions de la SODEC-Montréal, cette même ville a adopté
au début de lété une Charte des droits et responsabilités,
qui pourrait être invoquée à la défense du
bien commun. Quelle est la portée de ces documents ? Létat
actuel de la démocratie participative et ses progrès possibles
habilitent-ils les citoyens à intervenir efficacement dans cette
perspective ? Ce seront les préoccupations de notre prochaine
conférence/débat, en partenariat avec les deux organismes
La défense et la promotion du caractère public des services
municipaux à lheure de la Charte montréalaise des
droits et responsabilités
Avec Karine Peschard, Rosa Pires et Marcel Sévigny
22 sep. au Centre Afrika
tendances émergentes de la gauche québécoise
relations culturelles internationales du
et politiques (11/3/04)
une stratégie énergétique socialement responsable
capitulation tranquille (19/1/04)
c'est lire entre les lignes (3/7/03)
et conditions de la démocratie au Québec